IMR OpenIR
On the Materials Science of Nature's Arms Race
Liu, Zengqian1,2; Zhang, Zhefeng1; Ritchie, Robert O.2
Corresponding AuthorZhang, Zhefeng(zhfzhang@imr.ac.cn) ; Ritchie, Robert O.(roritchie@lbl.gov)
2018-08-09
Source PublicationADVANCED MATERIALS
ISSN0935-9648
Volume30Issue:32Pages:16
AbstractBiological material systems have evolved unique combinations of mechanical properties to fulfill their specific function through a series of ingenious designs. Seeking lessons from Nature by replicating the underlying principles of such biological materials offers new promise for creating unique combinations of properties in man-made systems. One case in point is Nature's means of attack and defense. During the long-term evolutionary arms race, naturally evolved weapons have achieved exceptional mechanical efficiency with a synergy of effective offense and persistencetwo characteristics that often tend to be mutually exclusive in many synthetic systemswhich may present a notable source of new materials science knowledge and inspiration. This review categorizes Nature's weapons into ten distinct groups, and discusses the unique structural and mechanical designs of each group by taking representative systems as examples. The approach described is to extract the common principles underlying such designs that could be translated into man-made materials. Further, recent advances in replicating the design principles of natural weapons at differing lengthscales in artificial materials, devices and tools to tackle practical problems are revisited, and the challenges associated with biological and bioinspired materials research in terms of both processing and properties are discussed.
Keywordbioinspiration biological materials gradients hierarchical structures mechanical properties
Funding OrganizationMulti-University Research Initiative from the Air Force Office of Scientific Research ; University of California Berkeley ; National Natural Science Foundation of China
DOI10.1002/adma.201705220
Indexed BySCI
Language英语
Funding ProjectMulti-University Research Initiative from the Air Force Office of Scientific Research[AFOSR-FA9550-15-1-0009] ; University of California Berkeley ; National Natural Science Foundation of China[51501190] ; National Natural Science Foundation of China[51331007]
WOS Research AreaChemistry ; Science & Technology - Other Topics ; Materials Science ; Physics
WOS SubjectChemistry, Multidisciplinary ; Chemistry, Physical ; Nanoscience & Nanotechnology ; Materials Science, Multidisciplinary ; Physics, Applied ; Physics, Condensed Matter
WOS IDWOS:000440813300001
PublisherWILEY-V C H VERLAG GMBH
Citation statistics
Cited Times:38[WOS]   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.imr.ac.cn/handle/321006/128875
Collection中国科学院金属研究所
Corresponding AuthorZhang, Zhefeng; Ritchie, Robert O.
Affiliation1.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Met Res, Shenyang Natl Lab Mat Sci, Shenyang 110016, Peoples R China
2.Univ Calif Berkeley, Dept Mat Sci & Engn, Berkeley, CA 94720 USA
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Liu, Zengqian,Zhang, Zhefeng,Ritchie, Robert O.. On the Materials Science of Nature's Arms Race[J]. ADVANCED MATERIALS,2018,30(32):16.
APA Liu, Zengqian,Zhang, Zhefeng,&Ritchie, Robert O..(2018).On the Materials Science of Nature's Arms Race.ADVANCED MATERIALS,30(32),16.
MLA Liu, Zengqian,et al."On the Materials Science of Nature's Arms Race".ADVANCED MATERIALS 30.32(2018):16.
Files in This Item:
There are no files associated with this item.
Related Services
Recommend this item
Bookmark
Usage statistics
Export to Endnote
Google Scholar
Similar articles in Google Scholar
[Liu, Zengqian]'s Articles
[Zhang, Zhefeng]'s Articles
[Ritchie, Robert O.]'s Articles
Baidu academic
Similar articles in Baidu academic
[Liu, Zengqian]'s Articles
[Zhang, Zhefeng]'s Articles
[Ritchie, Robert O.]'s Articles
Bing Scholar
Similar articles in Bing Scholar
[Liu, Zengqian]'s Articles
[Zhang, Zhefeng]'s Articles
[Ritchie, Robert O.]'s Articles
Terms of Use
No data!
Social Bookmark/Share
All comments (0)
No comment.
 

Items in the repository are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.