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Flame-Synthesis of Carbon Nanotube Forests on Metal Mesh Structure: Dependence, Morphology, and Application
Xiong, Xuhai1,2; Zhao, Pu1; Ren, Rong1; Cui, Xu1; Ji, Shude1
Corresponding AuthorXiong, Xuhai(xiongxuhai@126.com)
2019-09-01
Source PublicationNANOMATERIALS
Volume9Issue:9Pages:13
AbstractMulti-walled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) in the form of "forests" were synthesized directly on the surface of stainless steel (SS) mesh from ethanol flame volume. The growth dependence of the MWCNT forests on the porosity of SS mesh substrate and the morphologies and growth mechanism of the MWCNT forests were investigated in detail by a combination of turbulent flow simulation, scanning electron microscopy (SEM), transmission electron microscope (TEM), and Raman and X-ray diffraction (XRD) spectroscopy. The growth height of the MWCNT forests exhibited a strong dependence on the flame gas flow rate controlled by the porosity of SS mesh substrate, and the maximum averaged height of the MWCNT forests reached 34 mu m. Most MWCNTs grew perpendicularly on the surface of SS wires, and some branch, welded, and spiral structures were observed by SEM and TEM. The MWCNT-decorated mesh was used as a novel heating element to weld glass-fabric-reinforced polyetherimide (GF/PEI) thermoplastics. We found that the maximum tensile lap-shear strength (LSS) of the welded joints could reach 39.21 MPa, an increase of 41% in comparison with that of conventional SS mesh-based joints.
KeywordMWCNT forests flame growth mechanism turbulent flow simulation thermoplastic composite welding
Funding OrganizationNational Natural Science Foundation of China ; Natural Science Foundation of Liaoning Province ; Liaoning BaiQianWan Talents Program ; China Postdoctoral Science Foundation ; National (outside) training project of Liaoning higher education institutions
DOI10.3390/nano9091188
Indexed BySCI
Language英语
Funding ProjectNational Natural Science Foundation of China[51873109] ; Natural Science Foundation of Liaoning Province[2018304026] ; Liaoning BaiQianWan Talents Program[LNBQW201847B025] ; China Postdoctoral Science Foundation[2016M600222] ; National (outside) training project of Liaoning higher education institutions[2018LNGXGJWPY-YB008]
WOS Research AreaScience & Technology - Other Topics ; Materials Science
WOS SubjectNanoscience & Nanotechnology ; Materials Science, Multidisciplinary
WOS IDWOS:000489101900005
PublisherMDPI
Citation statistics
Cited Times:6[WOS]   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.imr.ac.cn/handle/321006/135713
Collection中国科学院金属研究所
Corresponding AuthorXiong, Xuhai
Affiliation1.Shenyang Aerosp Univ, Liaoning Key Lab Adv Polymer Matrix Composites, Shenyang 110136, Liaoning, Peoples R China
2.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Met Res, Adv Carbon Div, Shenyang Natl Lab Mat Sci, Shenyang 110016, Liaoning, Peoples R China
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Xiong, Xuhai,Zhao, Pu,Ren, Rong,et al. Flame-Synthesis of Carbon Nanotube Forests on Metal Mesh Structure: Dependence, Morphology, and Application[J]. NANOMATERIALS,2019,9(9):13.
APA Xiong, Xuhai,Zhao, Pu,Ren, Rong,Cui, Xu,&Ji, Shude.(2019).Flame-Synthesis of Carbon Nanotube Forests on Metal Mesh Structure: Dependence, Morphology, and Application.NANOMATERIALS,9(9),13.
MLA Xiong, Xuhai,et al."Flame-Synthesis of Carbon Nanotube Forests on Metal Mesh Structure: Dependence, Morphology, and Application".NANOMATERIALS 9.9(2019):13.
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