Alternative TitleInfluence of laser quenching on structure and property of EA4T axle steel for high-speed EMU
潘雪新1; 常红2; 李忠文3; 胡小峰1; 付鸿1; 姜海昌1
Source Publication金属热处理
Abstract为提高EA4T车轴钢的表面硬度和耐磨性能,采用激光淬火对调质态车轴进行表面改性。利用扫描电镜、显微硬度计、纳米压痕仪等对激光淬火层的微观组织、相变层深度和硬度进行了详细的表征。结果表明:EA4T车轴钢表面经过不同工艺激光淬火后,相变层内的淬火组织主要由细小的板条马氏体和粒状贝氏体组成,其深度根据工艺不同从100μm到800μm不等,并呈现随淬火功率的增加和扫描速度减小,相变层深度逐渐增加的趋势。淬火相变层区域内,车轴钢的显微硬度基本保持在450 HV0. 2左右,约为基体硬度的2倍,耐磨性显著提高。由于淬火道次之间搭接的原因,淬火层呈现波形分布,其中波谷马氏体含量高于波峰位置,因此其硬度明显高于波峰处。
Other AbstractIn order to improve the surface hardness and wear resistance of the EA4 T axle steel in quenched and tempered state,the surface of the axle was modified by laser quenching. The microstructure,phase transition depth and hardness of the laser quenched layer were characterized by scanning electron microscopy,microhardness tester and nano indentation meter. The results show that when the EA4 T axle surface is subjected to different laser quenching processes,the quenched structure in the phase transition layer is mainly composed of fine lath martensite and granular bainite,and the depth varies from 100 μm to 800 μm according to the process. There is a tendency that the depth of the phase change layer gradually increases as the laser quenching power increases and the scanning speed decreases. The microhardness of the quenched phase transition layer is basically maintained at about 450 HV0. 2,which is approximately twice the hardness of the matrix,so that the wear resistance of the axle steel is remarkably improved. Due to the overlapping between the quenching passes,the laser quenched layer exhibits a waveform distribution. The martensite content in the valley region is higher than that of the peak region,so that the hardness in the valley region is significantly higher than that of the peak region.
KeywordEA4T车轴钢 激光淬火 显微组织 硬度
Indexed ByCSCD
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Cited Times:2[CSCD]   [CSCD Record]
Document Type期刊论文
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GB/T 7714
潘雪新,常红,李忠文,等. 激光淬火对高速动车组EA4T车轴钢组织和性能的影响[J]. 金属热处理,2020,45.0(005):161-165.
APA 潘雪新,常红,李忠文,胡小峰,付鸿,&姜海昌.(2020).激光淬火对高速动车组EA4T车轴钢组织和性能的影响.金属热处理,45.0(005),161-165.
MLA 潘雪新,et al."激光淬火对高速动车组EA4T车轴钢组织和性能的影响".金属热处理 45.0.005(2020):161-165.
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