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Cr和Si元素对奥氏体不锈钢组织构成及凝固路线的影响
Alternative TitleEffects of Cr and Si on the microstructure and solidification path of austenitic stainless steel
易昊钰1; 陈思含2; 王旻2; 梁田2; 马颖澈2
2020
Source Publication工程科学学报
ISSN2095-9389
Volume000Issue:002Pages:179-185
Abstract以316Ti奥氏体不锈钢为基础,设计不同Cr和Si元素含量的合金成分,结合Thermal-Calc热力学模拟计算与合金铸锭凝固组织形貌、成分分析,研究了Cr和Si元素对合金凝固组织构成的影响.研究结果表明,热力学计算能够获得奥氏体不锈钢中析出δ相的临界Cr和Si含量.合金凝固时的元素偏析和冷却过程中的"δ→γ"相变可对δ相析出预测产生一定影响.此外,本工作还针对δ相析出评价了两种凝固路线判据.
Other AbstractThe lead-cooled fast reactor(LFR),which features advanced technical maturity and enhanced safety,is an important part of the fourth-generation nuclear power system of China.The superior safety of the LFR results from the choice of a relatively inert coolant,the lead or lead-bismuth eutectic(LBE),which can be rather corrosive to common metallic structural materials.Furthermore,there is basically no cladding material available for the LFR.Austenitic stainless steels feature a combination of excellent corrosion resistance,proper strength,and good workability,and materials such as 316 Ti and 15-15 Ti,which have been used in the sodium-cooled fast reactor(SFR),are viewed as promising candidate materials for LFR cladding applications.Elements of Cr and Si have been found capable of improving the corrosion resistance of 316 Ti and 15-15 Ti to LBE.However,as ferrite-forming elements,the influences of Cr and Si on the microstructural stability of 316 Ti and 15-15 Ti are still unclear.In this work,316 Ti-based materials with various Cr and Si contents were studied through thermodynamic simulation and microstructural characterization.Specifically,the equilibrium phase constitutions of the austenitic stainless steels were investigated by thermodynamic simulation using Thermo-Calc.The solidification microstructures and precipitates of Cr-and Si-bearing austenitic stainless steels were studied by optical microscopy(OM),scanning electronic microscopy(SEM),electronic differential system(EDS),and X-ray diffraction(XRD).The results show that Cr and Si can decrease the solidus and liquidus temperatures of alloys and induce the precipitation ofδ-phase.For alloy 18 Cr-2.0 Si-15 Ni,the maximum contents of Cr and Si are determined to be no more than 18.8%and 2.55%,respectively,which hindersδ-phase precipitation.In the ingot of 20 Cr-2.0 Si,δ-phase is found to be located within dendrites in a skeleton morphology,with a volume fraction of 8.6%,whereas in the ingot of 18 Cr-2.5 Si,δ-phase precipitates between dendrites,with a volume fraction of 3.4%.Moreover,this work also evaluates two kinds of austenitic stainless steel solidification path criteria.
Keyword奥氏体不锈钢 热力学模拟 凝固组织 δ相 硅元素
Indexed ByCSCD
Language中文
CSCD IDCSCD:6677148
Citation statistics
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.imr.ac.cn/handle/321006/146015
Collection中国科学院金属研究所
Affiliation1.中广核研究院有限公司
2.中国科学院金属研究所
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
易昊钰,陈思含,王旻,等. Cr和Si元素对奥氏体不锈钢组织构成及凝固路线的影响[J]. 工程科学学报,2020,000(002):179-185.
APA 易昊钰,陈思含,王旻,梁田,&马颖澈.(2020).Cr和Si元素对奥氏体不锈钢组织构成及凝固路线的影响.工程科学学报,000(002),179-185.
MLA 易昊钰,et al."Cr和Si元素对奥氏体不锈钢组织构成及凝固路线的影响".工程科学学报 000.002(2020):179-185.
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