Mathematical model was developed to study the 3D temperature distribution and heat transfer from superheated liquid steel to the inside of the solidifying shell in the slab continuous casting mold. The effects of some factors, such as submergence depth and port angle of submerged entry nozzle (SEN), mold width, casting speed, superheat temperature, argon gas injection, electromagnetic brake (EMBr) and also including the argon gas flow rate and current intensity etc., on the temperature distribution and heat transfer of superheated liquid steel in the mold were analyzed. The results indicate that the maximum heat input to the solidifying shell forefront occurs near the impingement point of liquid steel on the narrow face of mold, and the most superheat of superheated liquid steel is dissipated near the impingement zone. Heat flux of superheated liquid steel delivered to the shell surface increases in direct proportion to the casting speed and superheat temperature, respectively. Argon gas injection leads to a substantial increase in superheat flux to the impingement zone of narrow face and the upper region of wide face. EMBr is beneficial in increasing the temperature of upper region of the mold, but has no obvious effect on the heat flux distribution. The double action of argon gas injection and EMBr also produces an increase in heat flux to the upper region of wide face, which has no visible influence for the heat flux distribution of impingement zone.