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Advances and prospects of super rice breeding in China
Alternative TitleAdvances and prospects of super rice breeding in China
Tang Liang; Xu Zhengjin; Chen Wenfu
2017
Source PublicationJOURNAL OF INTEGRATIVE AGRICULTURE
ISSN2095-3119
Volume16Issue:5Pages:984-991
AbstractSuper rice breeding in China has been very successful over the past 3 decades, and the Chinese government has made great efforts to support breeding and cultivation of both conventional and hybrid super rice. In this review, we focus on the progress in and potential of super rice breeding. After the establishment of the breeding theory and strategy of "generating an ideotype with strong heterosis through inter-subspecies hybridization, by using gene pyramiding to combine elite traits through composite-crossing to breed super rice varieties with both ideotype and strong hybrid vigor", a series of major breakthroughs have been achieved in both conventional and super hybrid rice breeding. A number of new genetic materials with ideotype have been created successfully, and the Ministry of Agriculture of China has approved 156 novel super rice varieties and combinations for commercialization. During the Developing the Super Rice Varieties Program, great attention has also been paid to the integration and demonstration of the rice production technology. Collaboration between industry and university researchers has led to technological innovations and initiation of a demonstration system for super hybrid rice. With widespread cultivation of super rice with higher quality and yield, as well as resistance or tolerance to abiotic or biotic stresses, the yield of rice production per unit has reached a new level. In addition to increased quality and yield, hybrid rice breeding has also led to improvements in many other agronomic traits, such as resistance to pests and diseases, resistance to lodging, and optimized light distribution in population. Achievements in super rice breeding and innovation in rice production have made major contributions to the progress in rice sciences and worldwide food security.
Other AbstractSuper rice breeding in China has been very successful over the past 3 decades, and the Chinese government has made great efforts to support breeding and cultivation of both conventional and hybrid super rice. In this review, we focus on the progress in and potential of super rice breeding. After the establishment of the breeding theory and strategy of “generating an ideotype with strong heterosis through inter-subspecies hybridization, by using gene pyramiding to combine elite traits through composite-crossing to breed super rice varieties with both ideotype and strong hybrid vigor”, a series of major breakthroughs have been achieved in both conventional and super hybrid rice breeding. A number of new genetic materials with ideotype have been created successfully, and the Ministry of Agriculture of China has approved 156 novel super rice varieties and combinations for commercialization. During the Developing the Super Rice Varieties Program, great attention has also been paid to the integration and demonstration of the rice production technology. Collaboration between industry and university researchers has led to technological innovations and initiation of a demonstration system for super hybrid rice. With widespread cultivation of super rice with higher quality and yield, as well as resistance or tolerance to abiotic or biotic stresses, the yield of rice production per unit has reached a new level. In addition to increased quality and yield, hybrid rice breeding has also led to improvements in many other agronomic traits, such as resistance to pests and diseases, resistance to lodging, and optimized light distribution in population. Achievements in super rice breeding and innovation in rice production have made major contributions to the progress in rice sciences and worldwide food security.
Keywordsuper rice super hybrid rice ideotype heterosis breeding
Indexed ByCSCD
Language英语
Funding Project[National Key Research and Development Program of China] ; [China Agriculture Research System] ; [Special Fund for Agro-scientific Research in the Public Interest, China]
CSCD IDCSCD:5991324
Citation statistics
Cited Times:6[CSCD]   [CSCD Record]
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.imr.ac.cn/handle/321006/157446
Collection中国科学院金属研究所
Affiliation中国科学院金属研究所
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Tang Liang,Xu Zhengjin,Chen Wenfu. Advances and prospects of super rice breeding in China[J]. JOURNAL OF INTEGRATIVE AGRICULTURE,2017,16(5):984-991.
APA Tang Liang,Xu Zhengjin,&Chen Wenfu.(2017).Advances and prospects of super rice breeding in China.JOURNAL OF INTEGRATIVE AGRICULTURE,16(5),984-991.
MLA Tang Liang,et al."Advances and prospects of super rice breeding in China".JOURNAL OF INTEGRATIVE AGRICULTURE 16.5(2017):984-991.
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