IMR OpenIR
Effects of potassium deficiency on photosynthesis and photoprotection mechanisms in soybean (Glycine max (L.) Merr.)
Alternative TitleEffects of potassium deficiency on photosynthesis and photoprotection mechanisms in soybean (Glycine max (L.) Merr.)
Wang Xiaoguang1; Zhao Xinhua1; Jiang Chunji1; Li Chunhong1; Cong Shan1; Wu Di1; Chen Yanqiu1; Yu Haiqiu1; Wang Chunyan2
2015
Source PublicationJOURNAL OF INTEGRATIVE AGRICULTURE
ISSN2095-3119
Volume14Issue:5Pages:856-863
AbstractPotassium is an important nutrient element requiring high concentration for photosynthetic metabolism. The potassium deficiency in soil could inhibit soybean (Glycine max (L.) Merr.) photosynthesis and result in yield reduction. Research on the photosynthetic variations of the different tolerant soyben varieties should provide important information for high yield tolerant soybean breeding program. Two representative soybean varieties Tiefeng 40 (tolerance to K+ deficiency) and GD8521 (sensitive to K+ deficiency) were hydroponically grown to measure the photosynthesis, chlorophyll fluorescence parameters and Rubisco activity under different potassium conditions. With the K-deficiency stress time extending, the net photosynthetic rate (P-n), transpiration rate (T-r) and stomatal conductance (G(s)) of GD8521 were significantly decreased under K-deficiency condition, whereas the intercellular CO2 concentration (C-i) was significantly increased. As a contrast, the variations of Tiefeng 40 were almost little under K-deficiency condition, which indicated tolerance to K+ deficiency variety could maintain higher efficient photosynthesis. On the 25th d after treatment, the minimal fluorescence (F-0) of GD8521 was significantly increased and the maximal fluorescence (F-m), the maximum quantum efficiency of PSII photochemistry (F root F-m), actual photochemical efficiency of PSII (phi(PSII)), photochemical quenching (q(P)), and electron transport rate of PSII (ETR) were significantly decreased under K+ deficiency condition. In addition, the Rubisco content of GD8521 was significantly decreased in leaves. It is particularly noteworthy that the chlorophyll fluorescence parameters and Rubisco content of Tiefeng 40 were unaffected under K+ deficiency condition. On the other hand, the non-photochemical quenching (q(N)) of Tiefeng 40 was significantly increased. The dry matter weight of Tiefeng 40 was little affected under K+ deficiency condition. Results indicated that Tiefeng 40 could avoid or relieve the destruction of PSII caused by exceeded absorbed solar energy under K-deficiency condition and maintain natural photosynthesis and plant growth. It was an essential physiological mechanism for low-K-tolerant soybean under K-deficiency stress.
Other AbstractPotassium is an important nutrient element requiring high concentration for photosynthetic metabolism. The potassium deficiency in soil could inhibit soybean (Glycine max (L.) Merr.) photosynthesis and result in yield reduction. Research on the photosynthetic variations of the different tolerant soyben varieties should provide important information for high yield tolerant soybean breeding program. Two representative soybean varieties Tiefeng 40 (tolerance to K~+ deficiency) and GD8521 (sensitive to K~+ deficiency) were hydroponically grown to measure the photosynthesis, chlorophyll fluorescence parameters and Rubisco activity under different potassium conditions. With the K-deficiency stress time extending, the net photosynthetic rate (P_n), transpiration rate (Tr) and stomatal conductance (G_s) of GD8521 were significantly decreased under K-deficiency condition, whereas the intercellular CO_2 concentration (C_i) was significantly increased. As a contrast, the variations of Tiefeng 40 were almost little under K-deficiency condition, which indicated tolerance to K~+ deficiency variety could maintain higher efficient photosynthesis. On the 25th d after treatment, the minimal fluorescence (F_0) of GD8521 was significantly increased and the maximal fluorescence (F_m), the maximum quantum efficiency of PSII photochemistry (F_v/ F_m), actual photochemical efficiency of PSII (Φ_(Psll)),photochemical quenching (q_p), and electron transport rate of PSII (ETR) were significantly decreased under K~+ deficiency condition. In addition, the Rubisco content of GD8521 was significantly decreased in leaves. It is particularly noteworthy that the chlorophyll fluorescence parameters and Rubisco content of Tiefeng 40 were unaffected under K~+ deficiency condition. On the other hand, the non-photochemical quenching (q_N) of Tiefeng 40 was significantly increased. The dry matter weight of Tiefeng 40 was little affected under K~+ deficiency condition. Results indicated that Tiefeng 40 could avoid or relieve the destruction of PSll caused by exceeded absorbed solar energy under K-deficiency condition and maintain natural photosynthesis and plant growth. It was an essential physiological mechanism for low-K-tolerant soybean under K-deficiency stress.
KeywordCHLOROPHYLL FLUORESCENCE HIGHER-PLANTS COTTON MAIZE STRESS LEAVES YIELD ACQUISITION INHIBITION EFFICIENCY soybean potassium deficiency photosynthesis chlorophyll fluorescence Rubisco content dry matter weight
Indexed ByCSCD
Language英语
Funding Project[National Natural Science Foundation of China] ; [Program for Liaoning Excellent Talents in University (LNET), China] ; [Tianzhu Mountian Scholars Support Plan of Shenyang Agricultural University, China]
CSCD IDCSCD:5418720
Citation statistics
Cited Times:4[CSCD]   [CSCD Record]
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.imr.ac.cn/handle/321006/157834
Collection中国科学院金属研究所
Affiliation1.中国科学院金属研究所
2.Chinese Acad Agr Sci, Institute Agr Resources & Reg Planning, Beijing 100081, Peoples R China Institute Agr Resources & Reg Planning
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Wang Xiaoguang,Zhao Xinhua,Jiang Chunji,et al. Effects of potassium deficiency on photosynthesis and photoprotection mechanisms in soybean (Glycine max (L.) Merr.)[J]. JOURNAL OF INTEGRATIVE AGRICULTURE,2015,14(5):856-863.
APA Wang Xiaoguang.,Zhao Xinhua.,Jiang Chunji.,Li Chunhong.,Cong Shan.,...&Wang Chunyan.(2015).Effects of potassium deficiency on photosynthesis and photoprotection mechanisms in soybean (Glycine max (L.) Merr.).JOURNAL OF INTEGRATIVE AGRICULTURE,14(5),856-863.
MLA Wang Xiaoguang,et al."Effects of potassium deficiency on photosynthesis and photoprotection mechanisms in soybean (Glycine max (L.) Merr.)".JOURNAL OF INTEGRATIVE AGRICULTURE 14.5(2015):856-863.
Files in This Item:
There are no files associated with this item.
Related Services
Recommend this item
Bookmark
Usage statistics
Export to Endnote
Google Scholar
Similar articles in Google Scholar
[Wang Xiaoguang]'s Articles
[Zhao Xinhua]'s Articles
[Jiang Chunji]'s Articles
Baidu academic
Similar articles in Baidu academic
[Wang Xiaoguang]'s Articles
[Zhao Xinhua]'s Articles
[Jiang Chunji]'s Articles
Bing Scholar
Similar articles in Bing Scholar
[Wang Xiaoguang]'s Articles
[Zhao Xinhua]'s Articles
[Jiang Chunji]'s Articles
Terms of Use
No data!
Social Bookmark/Share
All comments (0)
No comment.
 

Items in the repository are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.