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Fibrous Hybrid of Graphene and Sulfur Nanocrystals for High-Performance Lithium-Sulfur Batteries
G. M. Zhou; L. C. Yin; D. W. Wang; L. Li; S. F. Pei; I. R. Gentle; F. Li; H. M. Cheng
2013
Source PublicationAcs Nano
ISSN1936-0851
Volume7Issue:6Pages:5367-5375
AbstractGraphene-sulfur (G S) hybrid materials with sulfur nanocrystals anchored on interconnected fibrous graphene are obtained by a facile one-pot strategy using a sulfur/carbon disulfide/ alcohol mixed solution. The reduction of graphene oxide and the formation/binding of sulfur nanocrystals were integrated. The G S hybrids exhibit a highly porous network structure constructed by fibrous graphene, many electrically conducting pathways, and easily tunable sulfur content, which can be cut and pressed into pellets to be directly used as lithium sulfur battery cathodes without using a metal current-collector, binder, and conductive additive. The porous network and sulfur nanocrystals enable rapid Ion transport and short Li+ diffusion distance, the Interconnected fibrous graphene provides highly conductive electron transport pathways, and the oxygen-containing (mainly hydroxyl/epoxide) groups show strong binding with polysulfides, preventing their dissolution into the electrolyte based on first-principles calculations. As a result, the G S hybrids show a high capacity, an excellent high-rate performance, and a long life over 100 cycles. These results demonstrate the great potential of this unique hybrid structure as cathodes for high-performance lithium sulfur batteries.
description.department[zhou, guangmin ; yin, li-chang ; li, lu ; pei, songfeng ; li, feng ; cheng, hui-ming] chinese acad sci, inst met res, shenyang natl lab mat sci, shenyang 110016, peoples r china. [wang, da-wei ; gentle, ian ross] univ queensland, aibn, arc ctr excellence funct nanomat, brisbane, qld 4072, australia. [gentle, ian ross] univ queensland, sch chem & mol biosci, brisbane, qld 4072, australia. ; li, f (reprint author), chinese acad sci, inst met res, shenyang natl lab mat sci, 72 wenhua rd, shenyang 110016, peoples r china. ; fli@imr.ac.cn ; cheng@imr.ac.cn
KeywordGraphene Sulfur Nanocrystal Hybrid Oxygen Functional Group Energy Storage Lithium-sulfur Battery Li-s Batteries Total-energy Calculations Wave Basis-set Electrode Materials Reduced Graphene Oxide Cathode Ion Composites Storage
URL查看原文
Language英语
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.imr.ac.cn/handle/321006/71739
Collection中国科学院金属研究所
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
G. M. Zhou,L. C. Yin,D. W. Wang,et al. Fibrous Hybrid of Graphene and Sulfur Nanocrystals for High-Performance Lithium-Sulfur Batteries[J]. Acs Nano,2013,7(6):5367-5375.
APA G. M. Zhou.,L. C. Yin.,D. W. Wang.,L. Li.,S. F. Pei.,...&H. M. Cheng.(2013).Fibrous Hybrid of Graphene and Sulfur Nanocrystals for High-Performance Lithium-Sulfur Batteries.Acs Nano,7(6),5367-5375.
MLA G. M. Zhou,et al."Fibrous Hybrid of Graphene and Sulfur Nanocrystals for High-Performance Lithium-Sulfur Batteries".Acs Nano 7.6(2013):5367-5375.
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