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题名: Failure Mechanisms of SAC/Fe-Ni Solder Joints During Thermal Cycling
作者: Gao, Li-Yin;  Liu, Zhi-Quan;  Li, Cai-Fu
发表日期: 2017-8-1
摘要: Thermal cycling tests have been conducted on Sn-Ag-Cu/Fe-xNi (x = 73 wt.% or 45 wt.%) and Sn-Ag-Cu/Cu solder joints according to the Joint Electron Device Engineering Council industrial standard to study their interfacial reliability under thermal stress. The interfacial intermetallic compounds formed for solder joints on Cu, Fe-73Ni, and Fe-45Ni were 4.5 mu m, 1.7 mu m, and 1.4 mu m thick, respectively, after 3000 cycles, demonstrating excellent diffusion barrier effect of Fe-Ni under bump metallization (UBM). Also, two deformation modes, viz. solder extrusion and fatigue crack formation, were observed by scanning electron microscopy and three-dimensional x-ray microscopy. Solder extrusion dominated for solder joints on Cu, while fatigue cracks dominated for solder joints on Fe-45Ni and both modes were detected for those on Fe-73Ni. Solder joints on Fe-Ni presented inferior reliability during thermal cycling compared with those on Cu, with characteristic lifetime of 3441 h, 3190 h, and 1247 h for Cu, Fe-73Ni, and Fe-45Ni UBM, respectively. This degradation of the interfacial reliability for solder joints on Fe-Ni is attributed to the mismatch in coefficient of thermal expansion (CTE) at interconnection level. The CTE mismatch at microstructure level was also analyzed by electron backscatter diffraction for clearer identification of recrystallization-related deformation mechanisms.
刊名: JOURNAL OF ELECTRONIC MATERIALS
Appears in Collections:中国科学院金属研究所_期刊论文

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Recommended Citation:
Gao, Li-Yin,Liu, Zhi-Quan,Li, Cai-Fu. Failure Mechanisms Of Sac/fe-ni Solder Joints During Thermal Cycling[J]. Journal Of Electronic Materials,2017,46(8):5338-5348.

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