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Ion channel functional protein kinase TRPM7 regulates Mg ions to promote the osteoinduction of human osteoblast via PI3K pathway: In vitro simulation of the bone-repairing effect of Mg-based alloy implant
Zhang, Xiuzhi; Zu, Haiyue; Zhao, Dewei; Yang, Ke; Tian, Simiao; Yu, Xiaoming; Lu, Faqiang; Liu, Baoyi; Yu, Xiaobing; Wang, Benjie; Wang, Wei; Huang, Shibo; Wang, Yongxuan; Wang, Zihua; Zhang, Zhaodong; Zhao, DW (reprint author), Dalian Univ, Affiliated Zhongshan Hosp, Dept Orthoped, 6 Jiefang St, Dalian 116001, Liaoning, Peoples R China.
2017-11-01
Source PublicationELSEVIER SCI LTD
ISSN1742-7061
Volume63Pages:369-382
AbstractMg-based alloys, as the potential orthopaedic implant, can self-degrade to avoid second operation for its remove, and enable to promote bone repair; however, the underlying molecular mechanisms remain unclear. In the present study, we examined the effect of Mg ions on osteogenesis, chemotaxis and anti-alkaline stress in hFOB1.19 human osteoblast cells to simulate bone-repairing effect of a biodegradable Mg-based alloy implant in vitro, and explored the regulatory role of the transient receptor potential melastatin 7 (TRPM7)/phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K) signalling pathway in the process of Mg ion induced bone repair by knockdown of TRPM7 and antagonizing PI3K activity. Results indicate that Mg ions up-regulated the expression of Runx2 and alkaline phosphatase (ALP) through TRPM7/PI3K signalling pathway, which could significantly enhance the osteogenic activity of human osteoblasts. Furthermore, the expression levels of MMP2, MMP9 and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) were increased by TRPM7/PI3K signalling pathway, which recruits osteoblasts from low- to high-Mg ion environments by inducing cell migration. Although an alkaline environment has antibacterial effects, alkaline stress can cause cytotoxicity and induce cell death. Finally, we found that Mg ions could activate PI3K phosphorylation to promote cell growth and survival, protecting cells against the alkaline-stress induced cytotoxicity caused by the degradation of Mg-based alloy implants. Our study not only revealed the molecular mechanism of Mg in promoting bone repair but also explained the protective effects of Mg ions on osteoblasts in an alkaline environment, which provides a theoretical basis and new directions for the application of Mg-based alloy implant material in orthopaedics fixations and osteosarcoma treatment. Statements of Significance As a potential biomaterial for orthopaedic implant, biodegradable magnesium has several advantages including self-degradation and bone repair promotion; however, the underlying mechanisms and effective concentration by which molecular regulates the bone repair remain unclear. The present study revealed that Mg ion and its effective concentration for activating PI3K phosphorylation via TRPM7, which causes three processes affecting bone repair, namely, osteoblast recruitment, osteogenesis and resistance to alkaline stress in human osteoblast. Therefore, our results have provided insight into the underlying molecular biological basis, and guidance for manipulating degradation rate, such as surface modification, of orthopaedic Mg-based implants. (C) 2017 Acta Materialia Inc. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.; Mg-based alloys, as the potential orthopaedic implant, can self-degrade to avoid second operation for its remove, and enable to promote bone repair; however, the underlying molecular mechanisms remain unclear. In the present study, we examined the effect of Mg ions on osteogenesis, chemotaxis and anti-alkaline stress in hFOB1.19 human osteoblast cells to simulate bone-repairing effect of a biodegradable Mg-based alloy implant in vitro, and explored the regulatory role of the transient receptor potential melastatin 7 (TRPM7)/phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K) signalling pathway in the process of Mg ion induced bone repair by knockdown of TRPM7 and antagonizing PI3K activity. Results indicate that Mg ions up-regulated the expression of Runx2 and alkaline phosphatase (ALP) through TRPM7/PI3K signalling pathway, which could significantly enhance the osteogenic activity of human osteoblasts. Furthermore, the expression levels of MMP2, MMP9 and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) were increased by TRPM7/PI3K signalling pathway, which recruits osteoblasts from low- to high-Mg ion environments by inducing cell migration. Although an alkaline environment has antibacterial effects, alkaline stress can cause cytotoxicity and induce cell death. Finally, we found that Mg ions could activate PI3K phosphorylation to promote cell growth and survival, protecting cells against the alkaline-stress induced cytotoxicity caused by the degradation of Mg-based alloy implants. Our study not only revealed the molecular mechanism of Mg in promoting bone repair but also explained the protective effects of Mg ions on osteoblasts in an alkaline environment, which provides a theoretical basis and new directions for the application of Mg-based alloy implant material in orthopaedics fixations and osteosarcoma treatment. Statements of Significance As a potential biomaterial for orthopaedic implant, biodegradable magnesium has several advantages including self-degradation and bone repair promotion; however, the underlying mechanisms and effective concentration by which molecular regulates the bone repair remain unclear. The present study revealed that Mg ion and its effective concentration for activating PI3K phosphorylation via TRPM7, which causes three processes affecting bone repair, namely, osteoblast recruitment, osteogenesis and resistance to alkaline stress in human osteoblast. Therefore, our results have provided insight into the underlying molecular biological basis, and guidance for manipulating degradation rate, such as surface modification, of orthopaedic Mg-based implants. (C) 2017 Acta Materialia Inc. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
description.department[zhang, xiuzhi ; zu, haiyue ; zhao, dewei ; tian, simiao ; lu, faqiang ; liu, baoyi ; yu, xiaobing ; wang, benjie ; wang, wei ; huang, shibo ; wang, yongxuan ; wang, zihua ; zhang, zhaodong] dalian univ, affiliated zhongshan hosp, dept orthoped, 6 jiefang st, dalian 116001, liaoning, peoples r china ; [zhang, xiuzhi ; yang, ke ; yu, xiaoming ; yu, xiaobing] chinese acad sci, inst met res, shenyang 110016, liaoning, peoples r china
KeywordBiodegradable Magnesium Implants Osteoinduction Trpm7 Alkaline Stress Osteonecrosis Of Femoral Head
Subject AreaEngineering, Biomedical ; Materials Science, bioMaterials
Funding OrganizationNational Natural Scientific Foundation of China [81672139]; Postdoctoral Science Foundation of China [171478]; Liaoning Provincial Doctoral Research Starting Foundation of China [201601305]; Science and Technology Research Foundation of Liaoning Provincial Department of Education [L2015034]
Indexed BySCI
Language英语
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.imr.ac.cn/handle/321006/79010
Collection中国科学院金属研究所
Corresponding AuthorZhao, DW (reprint author), Dalian Univ, Affiliated Zhongshan Hosp, Dept Orthoped, 6 Jiefang St, Dalian 116001, Liaoning, Peoples R China.
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Zhang, Xiuzhi,Zu, Haiyue,Zhao, Dewei,et al. Ion channel functional protein kinase TRPM7 regulates Mg ions to promote the osteoinduction of human osteoblast via PI3K pathway: In vitro simulation of the bone-repairing effect of Mg-based alloy implant[J]. ELSEVIER SCI LTD,2017,63:369-382.
APA Zhang, Xiuzhi.,Zu, Haiyue.,Zhao, Dewei.,Yang, Ke.,Tian, Simiao.,...&Zhao, DW .(2017).Ion channel functional protein kinase TRPM7 regulates Mg ions to promote the osteoinduction of human osteoblast via PI3K pathway: In vitro simulation of the bone-repairing effect of Mg-based alloy implant.ELSEVIER SCI LTD,63,369-382.
MLA Zhang, Xiuzhi,et al."Ion channel functional protein kinase TRPM7 regulates Mg ions to promote the osteoinduction of human osteoblast via PI3K pathway: In vitro simulation of the bone-repairing effect of Mg-based alloy implant".ELSEVIER SCI LTD 63(2017):369-382.
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