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A green and economical vapor-assisted ozone treatment process for surface functionalization of carbon nanotubes
Luo, Jingjie; Liu, Yuefeng; Wei, Hua; Wang, Bolun; Wu, Kuang-Hsu; Zhang, Bingsen; Su, Dang Sheng; Su, DS (reprint author), Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Met Res, Shenyang Natl Lab Mat Sci SYNL, 72 Wenhua Rd, Shenyang 110016, Peoples R China.; Liu, YF; Su, DS (reprint author), Chinese Acad Sci, Dalian Inst Chem Phys, Dalian Natl Lab Clean Energy DNL, 457 Zhongshan Rd, Dalian 116023, Peoples R China.
2017-02-21
Source PublicationROYAL SOC CHEMISTRY
ISSN1463-9262
Volume19Issue:4Pages:1052-1062
AbstractWe report herein a green and economical strategy for oxidative modification of carbon nanotubes (CNT) by a facile ozone treatment in the presence of solvent vapor (H2O, 30% H2O2 solution and ethanol). This procedure is able to introduce a considerable level of oxygen groups with a dominant population of carboxyl groups at near ambient temperature. The optimization study of the process provides the reaction temperature and time, as well as the source and partial pressure of the vapor, key parameters determining the oxidation efficiency. The process efficiency and sustainability are assessed to compare with conventional oxidative treatment (e.g., nitric acid oxidation). Ozone treatment assisted by water or H2O2/H2O vapor can introduce abundant oxygenated groups on the sidewalls of CNT, and the process with H2O2/ H2O vapor can deliver a much higher selectivity towards carboxyl species on the sidewalls of CNT. With the appropriate functionalization temperature (40 degrees C) and incremental partial pressure of vapor, the surface defect and oxygen content on the CNT could be dramatically increased. The ozone treated CNT can be used for diverse applications such as metal-free catalyst and support; the modified CNT display higher activity for the ring-opening reaction of styrene oxide than HNO3 treated CNT and develop strong interaction for anchoring iron oxide nanoparticles even up to 350 degrees C. This ozone treatment in the presence of vapor could also be accomplished by using compressed air as the carrier gas, which can be considered an efficient and eco-friendly functionalization process.; We report herein a green and economical strategy for oxidative modification of carbon nanotubes (CNT) by a facile ozone treatment in the presence of solvent vapor (H2O, 30% H2O2 solution and ethanol). This procedure is able to introduce a considerable level of oxygen groups with a dominant population of carboxyl groups at near ambient temperature. The optimization study of the process provides the reaction temperature and time, as well as the source and partial pressure of the vapor, key parameters determining the oxidation efficiency. The process efficiency and sustainability are assessed to compare with conventional oxidative treatment (e.g., nitric acid oxidation). Ozone treatment assisted by water or H2O2/H2O vapor can introduce abundant oxygenated groups on the sidewalls of CNT, and the process with H2O2/ H2O vapor can deliver a much higher selectivity towards carboxyl species on the sidewalls of CNT. With the appropriate functionalization temperature (40 degrees C) and incremental partial pressure of vapor, the surface defect and oxygen content on the CNT could be dramatically increased. The ozone treated CNT can be used for diverse applications such as metal-free catalyst and support; the modified CNT display higher activity for the ring-opening reaction of styrene oxide than HNO3 treated CNT and develop strong interaction for anchoring iron oxide nanoparticles even up to 350 degrees C. This ozone treatment in the presence of vapor could also be accomplished by using compressed air as the carrier gas, which can be considered an efficient and eco-friendly functionalization process.
description.department[luo, jingjie ; wei, hua ; wang, bolun ; wu, kuang-hsu ; zhang, bingsen ; su, dang sheng] chinese acad sci, inst met res, shenyang natl lab mat sci synl, 72 wenhua rd, shenyang 110016, peoples r china ; [liu, yuefeng ; su, dang sheng] chinese acad sci, dalian inst chem phys, dalian natl lab clean energy dnl, 457 zhongshan rd, dalian 116023, peoples r china
Subject AreaChemistry, Multidisciplinary ; Green & Sustainable Science & Technology
Funding OrganizationNSFC of China [21133010, 21473223, 21606243, 21261160487, 91545119]; "Strategic Priority Research Program" of the Chinese Academy of Sciences [XDA09030103]; CAS/SAFEA International Partnership Program for Creative Research Teams; China Postdoctoral Science Foundation; Youth Innovation Promotion Association CAS [2015152]
Indexed BySCI
Language英语
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.imr.ac.cn/handle/321006/79186
Collection中国科学院金属研究所
Corresponding AuthorSu, DS (reprint author), Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Met Res, Shenyang Natl Lab Mat Sci SYNL, 72 Wenhua Rd, Shenyang 110016, Peoples R China.; Liu, YF; Su, DS (reprint author), Chinese Acad Sci, Dalian Inst Chem Phys, Dalian Natl Lab Clean Energy DNL, 457 Zhongshan Rd, Dalian 116023, Peoples R China.
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Luo, Jingjie,Liu, Yuefeng,Wei, Hua,et al. A green and economical vapor-assisted ozone treatment process for surface functionalization of carbon nanotubes[J]. ROYAL SOC CHEMISTRY,2017,19(4):1052-1062.
APA Luo, Jingjie.,Liu, Yuefeng.,Wei, Hua.,Wang, Bolun.,Wu, Kuang-Hsu.,...&Su, DS .(2017).A green and economical vapor-assisted ozone treatment process for surface functionalization of carbon nanotubes.ROYAL SOC CHEMISTRY,19(4),1052-1062.
MLA Luo, Jingjie,et al."A green and economical vapor-assisted ozone treatment process for surface functionalization of carbon nanotubes".ROYAL SOC CHEMISTRY 19.4(2017):1052-1062.
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