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Oxidative Dehydrogenation on Nanocarbon: Insights into the Reaction Mechanism and Kinetics via in Situ Experimental Methods
Qi, W; Yan, PQ; Su, DS; Su, DS (reprint author), Chinese Acad Sci, Shenyang Natl Lab Mat Sci, Inst Met Res, Shenyang 110016, Liaoning, Peoples R China.; Qi, W (reprint author), Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.; Su, DS (reprint author), Chinese Acad Sci, Dalian Inst Chem Phys, Dalian Natl Lab Clean Energy, Dalian 116023, Peoples R China.
2018-03-01
Source PublicationACCOUNTS OF CHEMICAL RESEARCH
ISSN0001-4842
Volume51Issue:3Pages:640-648
AbstractCONSPECTUS: Sustainable and environmentally benign catalytic processes are vital for the future to supply the world population with clean energy and industrial products. The replacement of conventional metal or metal oxide catalysts with earth abundant and renewable nonmetallic materials has attracted considerable research interests in the field of catalysis and material science. The stable and efficient catalytic performance of nanocarbon materials was discovered at the end of last century, and these materials are considered as potential alternatives for conventional metal-based catalysts. With its rapid development in the past 20 years, the research field of carbon catalysis has been experiencing a smooth transition from the discovery of novel nanocarbon materials or related new reaction systems to the atomistic-level mechanistic understanding on the catalytic process and the subsequent rational design of the practical catalytic reaction systems. In this Account, we summarize the recent progress in the kinetic and mechanistic studies on nanocarbon catalyzed alkane oxidative dehydrogenation (ODH) reactions. The paper attempts to extract general concepts and basic regularities for carbon catalytic process directing us on the way for rational design of novel efficient metal-free catalysts. The nature of the active sites for ODH reactions has been revealed through microcalorimetric analysis, ambient pressure X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) measurement, and in situ chemical titration strategies. The detailed kinetic analysis and in situ catalyst structure characterization suggests that carbon catalyzed ODH reactions involve the redox cycles of the ketonic carbonyl hydroxyl pairs, and the key physicochemical parameters (activation energy, reaction order, and rate/equilibrium constants, etc.) of the carbon catalytic systems are proposed and compared with conventional transition metal oxide catalysts. The proposal of the intrinsic catalytic activity (TOF) provides the possibility for the fair comparisons of different nanocarbon catalysts and the consequent structure-function relation regularity. Surface modification and heteroatom doping are proved as the most effective strategies to adjust the catalytic property (activity and product selectivity etc.) of the nanocarbon catalysts. Nanocarbon is actually a proper candidate platform helping us to understand the classical catalytic reaction mechanism better, since there is no lattice oxygen and all the catalytic process happens on nanocarbon surface. This Account also exhibits the importance of the in situ structural characterizations for heterogeneous nanocarbon catalysis. The research strategy and methods proposed for carbon catalysts may also shed light on other complicated catalytic systems or fields concerning the applications of nonmetallic materials, such as energy storage and environment protection etc.; CONSPECTUS: Sustainable and environmentally benign catalytic processes are vital for the future to supply the world population with clean energy and industrial products. The replacement of conventional metal or metal oxide catalysts with earth abundant and renewable nonmetallic materials has attracted considerable research interests in the field of catalysis and material science. The stable and efficient catalytic performance of nanocarbon materials was discovered at the end of last century, and these materials are considered as potential alternatives for conventional metal-based catalysts. With its rapid development in the past 20 years, the research field of carbon catalysis has been experiencing a smooth transition from the discovery of novel nanocarbon materials or related new reaction systems to the atomistic-level mechanistic understanding on the catalytic process and the subsequent rational design of the practical catalytic reaction systems. In this Account, we summarize the recent progress in the kinetic and mechanistic studies on nanocarbon catalyzed alkane oxidative dehydrogenation (ODH) reactions. The paper attempts to extract general concepts and basic regularities for carbon catalytic process directing us on the way for rational design of novel efficient metal-free catalysts. The nature of the active sites for ODH reactions has been revealed through microcalorimetric analysis, ambient pressure X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) measurement, and in situ chemical titration strategies. The detailed kinetic analysis and in situ catalyst structure characterization suggests that carbon catalyzed ODH reactions involve the redox cycles of the ketonic carbonyl hydroxyl pairs, and the key physicochemical parameters (activation energy, reaction order, and rate/equilibrium constants, etc.) of the carbon catalytic systems are proposed and compared with conventional transition metal oxide catalysts. The proposal of the intrinsic catalytic activity (TOF) provides the possibility for the fair comparisons of different nanocarbon catalysts and the consequent structure-function relation regularity. Surface modification and heteroatom doping are proved as the most effective strategies to adjust the catalytic property (activity and product selectivity etc.) of the nanocarbon catalysts. Nanocarbon is actually a proper candidate platform helping us to understand the classical catalytic reaction mechanism better, since there is no lattice oxygen and all the catalytic process happens on nanocarbon surface. This Account also exhibits the importance of the in situ structural characterizations for heterogeneous nanocarbon catalysis. The research strategy and methods proposed for carbon catalysts may also shed light on other complicated catalytic systems or fields concerning the applications of nonmetallic materials, such as energy storage and environment protection etc.
description.department[qi, wei ; yan, pengqiang ; su, dang sheng] chinese acad sci, shenyang natl lab mat sci, inst met res, shenyang 110016, liaoning, peoples r china ; [qi, wei ; yan, pengqiang] univ chinese acad sci, beijing 100049, peoples r china ; [su, dang sheng] chinese acad sci, dalian inst chem phys, dalian natl lab clean energy, dalian 116023, peoples r china
KeywordDoped Carbon Nanotubes Active-sites Catalysts Ethylbenzene Propane Surface Styrene Nanodiamond Performance Selectivity
Subject AreaChemistry, Multidisciplinary
Funding OrganizationNSFC of China [2161101164, 91645114, 21573256, 51521091]; Youth Innovation Promotion Association, CAS
Indexed BySCI
Language英语
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.imr.ac.cn/handle/321006/79446
Collection中国科学院金属研究所
Corresponding AuthorQi, W; Su, DS (reprint author), Chinese Acad Sci, Shenyang Natl Lab Mat Sci, Inst Met Res, Shenyang 110016, Liaoning, Peoples R China.; Qi, W (reprint author), Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.; Su, DS (reprint author), Chinese Acad Sci, Dalian Inst Chem Phys, Dalian Natl Lab Clean Energy, Dalian 116023, Peoples R China.
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Qi, W,Yan, PQ,Su, DS,et al. Oxidative Dehydrogenation on Nanocarbon: Insights into the Reaction Mechanism and Kinetics via in Situ Experimental Methods[J]. ACCOUNTS OF CHEMICAL RESEARCH,2018,51(3):640-648.
APA Qi, W,Yan, PQ,Su, DS,Su, DS ,Qi, W ,&Su, DS .(2018).Oxidative Dehydrogenation on Nanocarbon: Insights into the Reaction Mechanism and Kinetics via in Situ Experimental Methods.ACCOUNTS OF CHEMICAL RESEARCH,51(3),640-648.
MLA Qi, W,et al."Oxidative Dehydrogenation on Nanocarbon: Insights into the Reaction Mechanism and Kinetics via in Situ Experimental Methods".ACCOUNTS OF CHEMICAL RESEARCH 51.3(2018):640-648.
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