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Surface Chemistry in Cobalt Phosphide-Stabilized Lithium-Sulfur Batteries
Zhong, YR; Yin, LC; He, P; Liu, W; Wu, ZS; Wang, HL; Wang, HL (reprint author), Yale Univ, Dept Chem, 225 Prospect St, New Haven, CT 06520 USA.; Wang, HL (reprint author), Yale Univ, Energy Sci Inst, West Haven, CT 06516 USA.
2018-01-31
Source PublicationJOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN CHEMICAL SOCIETY
ISSN0002-7863
Volume140Issue:4Pages:1455-1459
AbstractChemistry at the cathode/electrolyte interface plays an important role for lithium sulfur batteries in which stable cycling of the sulfur cathode requires confinement of the lithium polysulfide intermediates and their fast electrochemical conversion on the electrode surface. While many materials have been found to be effective for confining polysulfides, the underlying chemical interactions remain poorly understood. We report a new and general lithium polysulfide-binding mechanism enabled by surface oxidation layers of transition-metal phosphide and chalcogenide materials. We for the first time find that CoP nanoparticles strongly adsorb polysulfides because their natural oxidation (forming Co-OP-like species) activates the surface Co sites for binding polysulfides via strong Co-S bonding. With a surface oxidation layer capable of confining polysulfides and an inner core suitable for conducting electrons, the CoP nanoparticles are thus a desirable candidate for stabilizing and improving the performance of sulfur cathodes in lithium sulfur batteries. We demonstrate that sulfur electrodes that hold a high mass loading of 7 mg cm(-2) and a high areal capacity of 5.6 mAh cm(-2) can be stably cycled for 200 cycles. We further reveal that this new surface oxidation-induced polysulfide-binding scheme applies to a series of transition metal phosphide and chalcogenide materials and can explain their stabilizing effects for lithium sulfur batteries.; Chemistry at the cathode/electrolyte interface plays an important role for lithium sulfur batteries in which stable cycling of the sulfur cathode requires confinement of the lithium polysulfide intermediates and their fast electrochemical conversion on the electrode surface. While many materials have been found to be effective for confining polysulfides, the underlying chemical interactions remain poorly understood. We report a new and general lithium polysulfide-binding mechanism enabled by surface oxidation layers of transition-metal phosphide and chalcogenide materials. We for the first time find that CoP nanoparticles strongly adsorb polysulfides because their natural oxidation (forming Co-OP-like species) activates the surface Co sites for binding polysulfides via strong Co-S bonding. With a surface oxidation layer capable of confining polysulfides and an inner core suitable for conducting electrons, the CoP nanoparticles are thus a desirable candidate for stabilizing and improving the performance of sulfur cathodes in lithium sulfur batteries. We demonstrate that sulfur electrodes that hold a high mass loading of 7 mg cm(-2) and a high areal capacity of 5.6 mAh cm(-2) can be stably cycled for 200 cycles. We further reveal that this new surface oxidation-induced polysulfide-binding scheme applies to a series of transition metal phosphide and chalcogenide materials and can explain their stabilizing effects for lithium sulfur batteries.
description.department[zhong, yiren ; he, peng ; liu, wen ; wu, zishan ; wang, hailiang] yale univ, dept chem, 225 prospect st, new haven, ct 06520 usa ; [zhong, yiren ; he, peng ; liu, wen ; wu, zishan ; wang, hailiang] yale univ, energy sci inst, west haven, ct 06516 usa ; [yin, lichang] chinese acad sci, inst met res, shenyang natl lab mat sci, shenyang 110016, peoples r china
KeywordHydrogen Evolution Reaction Efficient Electrocatalyst Polysulfide Redox Performance Phosphosulfide Nanoparticles
Subject AreaChemistry, Multidisciplinary
Funding OrganizationYale University
Indexed BySCI
Language英语
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.imr.ac.cn/handle/321006/79559
Collection中国科学院金属研究所
Corresponding AuthorWang, HL (reprint author), Yale Univ, Dept Chem, 225 Prospect St, New Haven, CT 06520 USA.; Wang, HL (reprint author), Yale Univ, Energy Sci Inst, West Haven, CT 06516 USA.
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Zhong, YR,Yin, LC,He, P,et al. Surface Chemistry in Cobalt Phosphide-Stabilized Lithium-Sulfur Batteries[J]. JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN CHEMICAL SOCIETY,2018,140(4):1455-1459.
APA Zhong, YR.,Yin, LC.,He, P.,Liu, W.,Wu, ZS.,...&Wang, HL .(2018).Surface Chemistry in Cobalt Phosphide-Stabilized Lithium-Sulfur Batteries.JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN CHEMICAL SOCIETY,140(4),1455-1459.
MLA Zhong, YR,et al."Surface Chemistry in Cobalt Phosphide-Stabilized Lithium-Sulfur Batteries".JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN CHEMICAL SOCIETY 140.4(2018):1455-1459.
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