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CD28 Deficiency Ameliorates Thoracic Blast Exposure-Induced Oxidative Stress and Apoptosis in the Brain through the PI3K/Nrf2/Keap1 Signaling Pathway
Cong, Peifang; Tong, Changci; Liu, Ying; Shi, Lin; Shi, Xiuyun; Zhao, Yan; Xiao, Keshen; Jin, Hongxu; Liu, Yunen; Hou, Mingxiao
2019-12-04
Source PublicationOXIDATIVE MEDICINE AND CELLULAR LONGEVITY
ISSN1942-0900
Volume2019
AbstractBlast exposure is a worldwide public health concern, but most related research has been focused on direct injury. Thoracic blast exposure-induced neurotrauma is a type of indirect injuries where research is lacking. As CD28 stimulates T cell activation and survival and contributes to inflammation initiation, it may play a role in thoracic blast exposure-induced neurotrauma. However, it has not been investigated. To explore the effects of CD28 on thoracic blast exposure-induced brain injury and its potential molecular mechanisms, a mouse model of thoracic blast exposure-induced brain injury was established. Fifty C57BL/6 wild-type (WT) and fifty CD28 knockout (CD28(-/-)) mice were randomly divided into five groups (one control group and four model groups), with ten mice (from each of the two models) for each group. Lung and brain tissue and serum samples were collected at 12 h, 24 h, 48 h, and 1 week after thoracic blast exposure. Histopathological changes were detected by hematoxylin-eosin staining. The expressions of inflammatory-related factors were detected by ELISA. Oxidative stress in the brain tissue was evaluated by determining the generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and the expressions of thioredoxin (TRX), malondialdehyde (MDA), SOD-1, and SOD-2. Apoptosis in the brain tissue was evaluated by TUNEL staining and the levels of Bax, Bcl-xL, Bad, Cytochrome C, and caspase-3. In addition, proteins of related pathways were also studied by western blotting and immunofluorescence. We found that CD28 deficiency significantly reduced thoracic blast exposure-induced histopathological changes and decreased the levels of inflammatory-related factors, including IL-1 beta, TNF-alpha, and S100 beta. In the brain tissue, CD28 deficiency also significantly attenuated thoracic blast exposure-induced generation of ROS and expressions of MDA, TRX, SOD-1, and SOD-2; lowered the number of apoptotic cells and the expression of Bax, cleaved caspase-3, Cytochrome C, and Bad; and maintained Bcl-xL expression. Additionally, CD28 deficiency significantly ameliorated thoracic blast exposure-induced increases of p-PI3K and Keap1 and the decrease of Nrf2 expression in the brain. Our results indicate that CD28 deficiency has a protective effect on thoracic blast exposure-induced brain injury that might be associated with the PI3K/Nrf2/Keap1 signaling pathway.
Indexed BySCI
Language英语
WOS IDWOS:000503779300005
PublisherHINDAWI LTD
Citation statistics
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.imr.ac.cn/handle/321006/80563
Collection中国科学院金属研究所
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Cong, Peifang,Tong, Changci,Liu, Ying,et al. CD28 Deficiency Ameliorates Thoracic Blast Exposure-Induced Oxidative Stress and Apoptosis in the Brain through the PI3K/Nrf2/Keap1 Signaling Pathway[J]. OXIDATIVE MEDICINE AND CELLULAR LONGEVITY,2019,2019.
APA Cong, Peifang.,Tong, Changci.,Liu, Ying.,Shi, Lin.,Shi, Xiuyun.,...&Hou, Mingxiao.(2019).CD28 Deficiency Ameliorates Thoracic Blast Exposure-Induced Oxidative Stress and Apoptosis in the Brain through the PI3K/Nrf2/Keap1 Signaling Pathway.OXIDATIVE MEDICINE AND CELLULAR LONGEVITY,2019.
MLA Cong, Peifang,et al."CD28 Deficiency Ameliorates Thoracic Blast Exposure-Induced Oxidative Stress and Apoptosis in the Brain through the PI3K/Nrf2/Keap1 Signaling Pathway".OXIDATIVE MEDICINE AND CELLULAR LONGEVITY 2019(2019).
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