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Microstructural evolution and failure mechanism of 62Sn36Pb2Ag/Cu solder joint during thermal cycling
Li, Qi-hai; Li, Cai-Fu; Zhang, Wei; Chen, Wei-wei; Liu, Zhi-Qua
2019-08-01
Source PublicationMICROELECTRONICS RELIABILITY
ISSN0026-2714
Volume99Pages:12-18
AbstractTo clarify the mechanism leading to solder joint failure easily in multi-field conditions in electronics system, the microstructural evolution of 62Sn36Pb2Ag/Cu solder joint during thermal cycling was investigated precisely using scanning electron microscopy and transmission electron microscopy. It was found that the as-reflowed microstructure of the solder joint was compact and uniform, being consist of Sn, Pb and Ag3Sn phases within original solder and Cu6Sn5 compound at the interface to Cu substrate. Addition of 2 wt% Ag resulted in isolated Ag3Sn particles (0.2-0.5 mu m in diameter) distributed in Sn matrix of the solder joint. During thermal cycling process, the microstructure of solder became more and more coarsening, especially the average diameter of Pb particles increased to more than 3.5 times larger after 2500 thermal cycles. Moreover, Cu3Sn was generated at Cu6Sn5/Cu interface, and the total thickness of IMC layer increases almost linearly with the number of cycles. Due to the difference in coefficients of thermal expansion (CTE) among PCB board, Cu substrate and solder alloy, thermal mismatch occurred and contributed to the microstructural coarsening of solder alloy. Furthermore, due to the difference of expansion and contraction between Pb phase and Sn phase in the solder, cracks were formed and propagated along the interface between these two phases, which can accumulate and result in final failure of the solder joint thoroughly.
Keyword62Sn36Pb2Ag solder joint Microstructural evolution Failure analysis Intermetallic compound (IMC) Thermal cycling
Indexed BySCI
Language英语
WOS IDWOS:000496833600002
PublisherPERGAMON-ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD
Citation statistics
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.imr.ac.cn/handle/321006/80849
Collection中国科学院金属研究所
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Li, Qi-hai,Li, Cai-Fu,Zhang, Wei,et al. Microstructural evolution and failure mechanism of 62Sn36Pb2Ag/Cu solder joint during thermal cycling[J]. MICROELECTRONICS RELIABILITY,2019,99:12-18.
APA Li, Qi-hai,Li, Cai-Fu,Zhang, Wei,Chen, Wei-wei,&Liu, Zhi-Qua.(2019).Microstructural evolution and failure mechanism of 62Sn36Pb2Ag/Cu solder joint during thermal cycling.MICROELECTRONICS RELIABILITY,99,12-18.
MLA Li, Qi-hai,et al."Microstructural evolution and failure mechanism of 62Sn36Pb2Ag/Cu solder joint during thermal cycling".MICROELECTRONICS RELIABILITY 99(2019):12-18.
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