Proximity-induced surface superconductivity in Dirac semimetal Cd3As2
Huang, Ce; Zhou, Benjamin T.; Zhang, Huiqin; Yang, Bingjia; Liu, Ran; Wang, Hanwen; Wan, Yimin; Huang, Ke; Liao, Zhiming; Zhang, Enze; Liu, Shanshan; Deng, Qingsong; Chen, Yanhui; Han, Xiaodong; Zou, Jin; Lin, Xi; Han, Zheng; Wang, Yihua; Law, Kam Tuen; Xiu, Faxian
AbstractCd3As2 is a three-dimensional Dirac semimetal with separated Dirac points in momentum space. In spite of extensive transport and spectroscopic studies on its exotic properties, the evidence of superconductivity in its surface states remains elusive. Here, we report the observation of proximity-induced surface superconductivity in Nb/Cd3As2 hybrid structures. Our four-terminal transport measurement identifies a pronounced proximity-induced pairing gap (gap size comparable to Nb) on the surfaces, which exhibits a flat conductance plateau in differential conductance spectra, consistent with our theoretical simulations. The surface supercurrent from Nb/Cd3As2/Nb junctions is also achieved with a Fraunhofer/SQUID-like pattern under out-of-plane/in-plane magnetic fields, respectively. The resultant mapping shows a predominant distribution on the top and bottom surfaces as the bulk carriers are depleted, which can be regarded as a higher dimensional analog of edge supercurrent in two-dimensional quantum spin Hall insulators. Our study provides the evidence of surface superconductivity in Dirac semimetals.
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WOS IDWOS:000468174600017
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Huang, Ce,Zhou, Benjamin T.,Zhang, Huiqin,et al. Proximity-induced surface superconductivity in Dirac semimetal Cd3As2[J]. NATURE COMMUNICATIONS,2019,10.
APA Huang, Ce.,Zhou, Benjamin T..,Zhang, Huiqin.,Yang, Bingjia.,Liu, Ran.,...&Xiu, Faxian.(2019).Proximity-induced surface superconductivity in Dirac semimetal Cd3As2.NATURE COMMUNICATIONS,10.
MLA Huang, Ce,et al."Proximity-induced surface superconductivity in Dirac semimetal Cd3As2".NATURE COMMUNICATIONS 10(2019).
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