Polar meron lattice in strained oxide ferroelectrics
Wang, Y. J.; Feng, Y. P.; Zhu, Y. L.; Tang, Y. L.; Yang, L. X.; Zou, M. J.; Geng, W. R.; Han, M. J.; Guo, X. W.; Wu, B.; Ma, X. L.
Source PublicationNATURE MATERIALS
AbstractMerons are topological structures, but these have yet to be directly observed in ferroelectrics. Here, by epitaxially straining PbTiO3 on a SmScO3 substrate, electron microscopy and phase-field modelling allow the morphology and distribution of merons to be observed.A topological meron features a non-coplanar structure, whose order parameters in the core region are perpendicular to those near the perimeter. A meron is half of a skyrmion, and both have potential applications for information carrying and storage. Although merons and skyrmions in ferromagnetic materials can be readily obtained via inter-spin interactions, their behaviour and even existence in ferroelectric materials are still elusive. Here we observe using electron microscopy not only the atomic morphology of merons with a topological charge of 1/2, but also a periodic meron lattice in ultrathin PbTiO3 films under tensile epitaxial strain on a SmScO3 substrate. Phase-field simulations rationalize the formation of merons for which an epitaxial strain, as a single alterable parameter, plays a critical role in the coupling of lattice and charge. This study suggests that by engineering strain at the nanoscale it should be possible to fabricate topological polar textures, which in turn could facilitate the development of nanoscale ferroelectric devices.
WOS IDWOS:000537030200001
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Wang, Y. J.,Feng, Y. P.,Zhu, Y. L.,et al. Polar meron lattice in strained oxide ferroelectrics[J]. NATURE MATERIALS,2020,19(8):881-+.
APA Wang, Y. J..,Feng, Y. P..,Zhu, Y. L..,Tang, Y. L..,Yang, L. X..,...&Ma, X. L..(2020).Polar meron lattice in strained oxide ferroelectrics.NATURE MATERIALS,19(8),881-+.
MLA Wang, Y. J.,et al."Polar meron lattice in strained oxide ferroelectrics".NATURE MATERIALS 19.8(2020):881-+.
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