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A first principles study of the thermal stability of A(m)(MH4)(n) light complex hydrides
Wang, Yong-li2; Liu, Shi2; Rong, Li-jian2; Wang, Yuan-ming1
Corresponding AuthorWang, Yuan-ming(ymwang@imr.ac.cn)
2010-05-05
Source PublicationJOURNAL OF PHYSICS-CONDENSED MATTER
ISSN0953-8984
Volume22Issue:17Pages:7
AbstractFrom the physical point of view, the cohesive energy of a reactant is preferable to its formation energy for characterizing its influence on the reaction processes from the reactants to the products. In fact it has been found that there is a certain correlation between the experimental hydrogen desorption temperature and the cohesive energy calculated by a first principles method for a series of A(m)(MH4)(n) (A = Li, Na, Mg; M = Be, B, Al) light complex hydrides (including Na2BeH4, Li2BeH4, NaAlH4, LiAlH4, Mg(AlH4)(2), LiBH4 and NaBH4), which suggests that cohesive energy may be a useful physical quantity for evaluating the hydrogen desorption ability of complex hydrides, especially in cases when dehydrogenation products have unknown crystal structures, or may even be unknown. To understand this correlation more deeply, the ionic interaction between A and the MH4 complex and the covalent interaction between M and H were calculated and their contributions to the cohesive energy evaluated quantitatively. The calculated results show that the covalent M-H interaction in the MH4 complex is the dominant part of the cohesive energy E-coh (up to more than 75%) and hardly changes during high-pressure structural transitions of A(m)(MH4)(n). It was also found that low electronegativity of M or high electronegativity of A is responsible for the weak covalent M-H interaction and finally leads to the low thermodynamic stability of A(m)(MH4)(n), suggesting that complex hydrides A(m)(MH4)(n) can be destabilized by partial substitution of M (A) with an element with electronegativity lower (higher) than Ms (As). This conclusion has been confirmed by lots of experimental results and may be a useful guideline for the future design of new complex hydrides of the type A(m)(MH4)(n).
Funding OrganizationNational Natural Science Foundation of China
DOI10.1088/0953-8984/22/17/175502
Indexed BySCI
Language英语
Funding ProjectNational Natural Science Foundation of China[50771095]
WOS Research AreaPhysics
WOS SubjectPhysics, Condensed Matter
WOS IDWOS:000276547300012
PublisherIOP PUBLISHING LTD
Citation statistics
Cited Times:4[WOS]   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.imr.ac.cn/handle/321006/101788
Collection中国科学院金属研究所
Corresponding AuthorWang, Yuan-ming
Affiliation1.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Met Res, Shenyang Natl Lab Mat Sci, Shenyang 110016, Peoples R China
2.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Met Res, Mat Special Environm Dept, Shenyang 110016, Peoples R China
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Wang, Yong-li,Liu, Shi,Rong, Li-jian,et al. A first principles study of the thermal stability of A(m)(MH4)(n) light complex hydrides[J]. JOURNAL OF PHYSICS-CONDENSED MATTER,2010,22(17):7.
APA Wang, Yong-li,Liu, Shi,Rong, Li-jian,&Wang, Yuan-ming.(2010).A first principles study of the thermal stability of A(m)(MH4)(n) light complex hydrides.JOURNAL OF PHYSICS-CONDENSED MATTER,22(17),7.
MLA Wang, Yong-li,et al."A first principles study of the thermal stability of A(m)(MH4)(n) light complex hydrides".JOURNAL OF PHYSICS-CONDENSED MATTER 22.17(2010):7.
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