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Ultra-thick graphene bulk supercapacitor electrodes for compact energy storage
Li, Huan1,2; Tao, Ying1,2; Zheng, Xiaoyu1,2; Luo, Jiayan1,2; Kang, Feiyu3; Cheng, Hui-Ming4; Yang, Quan-Hong1,2,3
Corresponding AuthorLuo, Jiayan(jluo@tju.edu.cn) ; Yang, Quan-Hong(qhyangcn@tju.edu.cn)
2016
Source PublicationENERGY & ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE
ISSN1754-5692
Volume9Issue:10Pages:3135-3142
AbstractCompact energy storage with high volumetric performance is highly important. However, the state-of-the-art electrodes and devices remain far from the requirements due to the lack of consideration from a device perspective, which not only demands a high specific gravimetric capacity, but also needs to take into account operation voltage, material density and electrode thickness. We develop a novel approach to fabricate a monolithic ultra-thick and dense carbon electrode for symmetric supercapacitors, starting with graphene assembly and taking all the above factors into consideration. We found that zinc chloride is an ideal sacrificial pore former, and taken together with capillary drying can tune the specific surface area of the monolithic graphene from 370 to over 1000 m(2) g(-1) while the monoliths maintain a high density from 1.6 to 0.6 g cm(-3). Having a good balance of porosity and density, the directly sliced graphene pellet electrode with a thickness up to 400 mm delivers a capacitance of 150 F cm(-3) in an ionic liquid electrolyte, corresponding to a volumetric energy density of similar to 65 W h L-1 for a symmetrical supercapacitor device, the highest value reported to date for supercapacitors. This study presents a design principle for electrode materials towards next-generation energy storage devices, not limited to supercapacitors, which are becoming smaller, lighter but more energetic.
Funding OrganizationNational Science Fund for Distinguished Young Scholars, China ; National Key Basic Research Program of China ; Shenzhen Basic Research Project ; National Natural Science Foundation of China
DOI10.1039/c6ee00941g
Indexed BySCI
Language英语
Funding ProjectNational Science Fund for Distinguished Young Scholars, China[51525204] ; National Key Basic Research Program of China[2014CB932400] ; Shenzhen Basic Research Project[ZDSYS20140509172959981] ; National Natural Science Foundation of China[U1401243] ; National Natural Science Foundation of China[51372167] ; National Natural Science Foundation of China[51502197]
WOS Research AreaChemistry ; Energy & Fuels ; Engineering ; Environmental Sciences & Ecology
WOS SubjectChemistry, Multidisciplinary ; Energy & Fuels ; Engineering, Chemical ; Environmental Sciences
WOS IDWOS:000386336200017
PublisherROYAL SOC CHEMISTRY
Citation statistics
Cited Times:213[WOS]   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.imr.ac.cn/handle/321006/123020
Collection中国科学院金属研究所
Corresponding AuthorLuo, Jiayan; Yang, Quan-Hong
Affiliation1.Tianjin Univ, Sch Chem Engn & Technol, Minist Educ, Key Lab Green Chem Technol, Tianjin 300072, Peoples R China
2.Collaborat Innovat Ctr Chem Sci & Engn Tianjin, Tianjin 300072, Peoples R China
3.Tsinghua Univ, Grad Sch Shenzhen, Lab Functionalized Carbon Mat, Shenzhen Key Lab Graphene Based Mat & Engn, Shenzhen 518055, Peoples R China
4.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Met Res, Shenyang Natl Lab Mat Sci, Shenyang 100016, Peoples R China
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Li, Huan,Tao, Ying,Zheng, Xiaoyu,et al. Ultra-thick graphene bulk supercapacitor electrodes for compact energy storage[J]. ENERGY & ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE,2016,9(10):3135-3142.
APA Li, Huan.,Tao, Ying.,Zheng, Xiaoyu.,Luo, Jiayan.,Kang, Feiyu.,...&Yang, Quan-Hong.(2016).Ultra-thick graphene bulk supercapacitor electrodes for compact energy storage.ENERGY & ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE,9(10),3135-3142.
MLA Li, Huan,et al."Ultra-thick graphene bulk supercapacitor electrodes for compact energy storage".ENERGY & ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE 9.10(2016):3135-3142.
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