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Effect of Sb-Rich Intermetallic Phase on the Corrosion Resistance of Zn Alloy in Near-Neutral and Acidic Solutions
Shang Xiuling1; Zhang Bo2; Ke Wei2
Corresponding AuthorZhang Bo(bxz011@imr.ac.cn)
2017-03-11
Source PublicationACTA METALLURGICA SINICA
ISSN0412-1961
Volume53Issue:3Pages:351-357
AbstractIn the process of hot-dip galvanizing, some beneficial alloying elements are deliberately added to the molten Zn bath, in order to improve the coating properties, such as formability and corrosion resistance. Sb is one of the interesting alloying additions to the Zn bath, as it can decrease the viscosity and the surface tension of the molten Zn, contributing to producing a uniform Zn coating. Due to the low solid solubility of Sb in molten Zn at galvanising temperature, Sb-rich intermetallic particles were always found in the galvanized layers. The presence of Sb-rich phases may affect the structural properties and corrosion performance of galvanized coating. In the literature, it was reported that small addition of Sb has no significant effect on the structure and growth of galvanized layers, but a higher amount (>1%, mass fraction) of Sb can promote the dendritic solidification of Zn. In order to understand the mechanism of Sb addition on the structure and growth of galvanized coating, it is essential to identify the crystal structure of Sb-rich phases. It was reported that the Sb-rich phases found in the eta layer of a galvanized coating corresponds to the electron diffraction patterns of Sb2Zn3. However, some researchers hold that the Sb2Zn3 compound does not exist at room temperature, since it can transform to Sb3Zn4 and Zn at some elevated temperature. Consequently, in this work, the structure of Sb-rich intermetallic phase in theZn-1.2Sb (1.2%Sb) alloy has been investigated by SEM and TEM. SEM/EDS showed that Sb is present in the form of Sb-rich intermatallic phase and there is no detectable Sb in the Zn solid solution. Transmission electron diffractions analysis and EDS results indicated that the composition of Sb-rich intermatallic phases is close to that of Sb2Zn3, whereas the structure is totally different from the latter. The corrosion resistance of Zn-1.2Sb alloy has been analysed by electrochemcial polarization measurements in the different solutions. The analysed results showed that the Sb-rich phase has no obvious effect on the oxygen reduction reaction, in the aerated 0.1 mol/L NaCl (pH=6.5) solution. However, the Sb-rich phase can promote the hydrogen evolution reaction, in the deaerated acidic solution (0.1 mol/L NaCl, pH=3). Corrosion pits were found in the Zn matrix around the Sb-rich phases by SEM observations, which indicate that Zn has higher activity than Zn-Sb phase.
KeywordZn-1.2Sb alloy potentiodynamic polarization hydrogen evolution reaction
Funding OrganizationNational Natural Science Foundation of China
DOI10.11900/0412.1961.2016.00419
Indexed BySCI
Language英语
Funding ProjectNational Natural Science Foundation of China[51571201]
WOS Research AreaMetallurgy & Metallurgical Engineering
WOS SubjectMetallurgy & Metallurgical Engineering
WOS IDWOS:000398631400008
PublisherSCIENCE PRESS
Citation statistics
Cited Times:1[WOS]   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.imr.ac.cn/handle/321006/124062
Collection中国科学院金属研究所
Corresponding AuthorZhang Bo
Affiliation1.GD Midea Air Conditioning Equipment Co LTD, Foshan 528311, Peoples R China
2.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Met Res, Key Lab Nucl Mat & Safety Assessment, Shenyang 110016, Peoples R China
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Shang Xiuling,Zhang Bo,Ke Wei. Effect of Sb-Rich Intermetallic Phase on the Corrosion Resistance of Zn Alloy in Near-Neutral and Acidic Solutions[J]. ACTA METALLURGICA SINICA,2017,53(3):351-357.
APA Shang Xiuling,Zhang Bo,&Ke Wei.(2017).Effect of Sb-Rich Intermetallic Phase on the Corrosion Resistance of Zn Alloy in Near-Neutral and Acidic Solutions.ACTA METALLURGICA SINICA,53(3),351-357.
MLA Shang Xiuling,et al."Effect of Sb-Rich Intermetallic Phase on the Corrosion Resistance of Zn Alloy in Near-Neutral and Acidic Solutions".ACTA METALLURGICA SINICA 53.3(2017):351-357.
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