IMR OpenIR
Traumatic fractures as a result of falls in children and adolescents A retrospective observational study
Wang, Hongwei1,2,3; Yu, Hailong1; Zhou, Yue4; Li, Changqing4; Liu, Jun1; Ou, Lan5; Zhao, Yiwen2; Song, Guoli2; Han, Jianda2; Chen, Yu1; Xiang, Liangbi1
Corresponding AuthorWang, Hongwei(cplawhw@163.com) ; Chen, Yu(chenyumd@126.com)
2017-09-01
Source PublicationMEDICINE
ISSN0025-7974
Volume96Issue:37Pages:7
AbstractThe aim of this study is to investigate the incidence and pattern of traumatic fractures (TFs) as a result of falls in a population of children and adolescents (<= 18 years old) in China. This was a cross-sectional study. We retrospectively reviewed 1412 patients who were children and adolescents with TFs as a result of falls admitted to our university-affiliated hospitals in China from 2001 to 2010. Etiologies included high fall (height >= 2) and low fall (height<2m). The incidence and pattern were summarized with respect to different age groups, year of admission, etiologies, genders, and the neurological function. This study enrolled 1054 males (74.6%) and 358 females (25.4%) aged 10.8 +/- 4.7 years. The etiologies were low fall (1059, 75.0%) and high fall (353, 25.0%). There were 2073 fractures in total and 92 patients (6.5%) presented with multiple fractures. The most common fracture sites were upper extremity fractures in 814 patients (57.6%) and lower extremity fractures in 383 patients (27.1%), followed by craniofacial fractures in 233 patients (16.5%). A total of 231 (16.4%) patients suffered a nerve injury. The frequencies of early and late complications/associated injuries were 19.5% (n= 275) and 9.2% (n= 130). The frequencies of emergency admission, nerve injury, spinal fracture, lower extremity fractures, craniofacial fracture, sternum and rib fracture, and early complications/ASOIs were significantly larger in high fall than low fall (all P<.001, respectively). The frequencies of medical insurance rate (P=.042) and upper extremity fractures (P<.001) were significantly larger in low fall than high fall. The frequencies of spinal fracture (P=.039), lower extremity fractures (P=.048), and craniofacial fracture (P=.041) were significantly larger in female than the male patients. The frequency of upper extremity fractures (P<.001) and the mean age (P<.001) was significantly larger in male than female patients. The frequencies of emergency admission, high fall, spinal fracture, and craniofacial fracture were significantly larger in patients with nerve injury than other patients without nerve injury (all P<.001, respectively). Low falls and upper extremity fractures were the most common etiologies and sites, respectively. High fall, spinal fracture and craniofacial fracture were risk factors for nerve injury. Therefore, we should focus on patients who were caused by high fall and presented with spinal and craniofacial fracture to determine the presence of a nerve injury so that we can provide early, timely diagnosis and targeted treatment to children.
Keywordadolescent children fall fracture nerve injury
Funding OrganizationFoundation of the State Key Laboratory of Robotics ; Foundation of the State Key Laboratory of Materials Processing and Die & Mould Technology ; Open Project Program of the State Key Laboratory of CADCG ; Liaoning Province Doctor Startup Fund ; Research Foundation about Clinical Diagnosis and Treatment of Anaemia for Young Physician
DOI10.1097/MD.0000000000007879
Indexed BySCI
Language英语
Funding ProjectFoundation of the State Key Laboratory of Robotics[2017-O01] ; Foundation of the State Key Laboratory of Materials Processing and Die & Mould Technology[P2018-011] ; Open Project Program of the State Key Laboratory of CADCG[A1718] ; Liaoning Province Doctor Startup Fund[201601389] ; Research Foundation about Clinical Diagnosis and Treatment of Anaemia for Young Physician[LIM-SS-16001]
WOS Research AreaGeneral & Internal Medicine
WOS SubjectMedicine, General & Internal
WOS IDWOS:000410887400020
PublisherLIPPINCOTT WILLIAMS & WILKINS
Citation statistics
Cited Times:3[WOS]   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.imr.ac.cn/handle/321006/127014
Collection中国科学院金属研究所
Corresponding AuthorWang, Hongwei; Chen, Yu
Affiliation1.Chinese Acad Sci, Gen Hosp Shenyang Mil Area Command Chinese PLA, Dept Orthoped, Shenyang, Liaoning, Peoples R China
2.Chinese Acad Sci, Shenyang Inst Automat, State Key Lab Robot, Shenyang, Liaoning, Peoples R China
3.Huazhong Univ Sci & Technol, State Key Lab Mat Proc & Die & Mould Technol, Wuhan, Hubei, Peoples R China
4.Third Mil Med Univ, Xinqiao Hosp, Dept Orthoped, Chongqing 400038, Peoples R China
5.Third Mil Med Univ, Southwest Hosp, Dept Radiol, Chongqing 400038, Peoples R China
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Wang, Hongwei,Yu, Hailong,Zhou, Yue,et al. Traumatic fractures as a result of falls in children and adolescents A retrospective observational study[J]. MEDICINE,2017,96(37):7.
APA Wang, Hongwei.,Yu, Hailong.,Zhou, Yue.,Li, Changqing.,Liu, Jun.,...&Xiang, Liangbi.(2017).Traumatic fractures as a result of falls in children and adolescents A retrospective observational study.MEDICINE,96(37),7.
MLA Wang, Hongwei,et al."Traumatic fractures as a result of falls in children and adolescents A retrospective observational study".MEDICINE 96.37(2017):7.
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