Proton and Li-Ion Permeation through Graphene with Eight-Atom-Ring Defects
Griffin, Eoin1,2; Mogg, Lucas1,2; Hao, Guang-Ping1,2,3; Kalon, Gopinadhan1,2,4; Bacaksiz, Cihan5; Lopez-Polin, Guillermo1,2,6; Zhou, T. Y.7; Guarochico, Victor1,2; Cai, Junhao1,2; Neumann, Christof8,9; Winter, Andreas8,9; Mohn, Michael10; Lee, Jong Hak11,12; Lin, Junhao13,14,15; Kaiser, Ute10; Grigorieva, Irina, V1,2; Suenaga, Kazu13,14; Ozyilmaz, Barbaros11,12; Cheng, Hui-Min7,16; Ren, Wencai7; Turchanin, Andrey8,9; Peeters, Francois M.5; Geim, Andre K.1,2; Lozada-Hidalgo, Marcelo1,2
Corresponding AuthorGeim, Andre K.( ; Lozada-Hidalgo, Marcelo(
Source PublicationACS NANO
AbstractDefect-free graphene is impermeable to gases and liquids but highly permeable to thermal protons. Atomic-scale defects such as vacancies, grain boundaries, and Stone-Wales defects are predicted to enhance graphene's proton permeability and may even allow small ions through, whereas larger species such as gas molecules should remain blocked. These expectations have so far remained untested in experiment. Here, we show that atomically thin carbon films with a high density of atomic-scale defects continue blocking all molecular transport, but their proton permeability becomes similar to 1000 times higher than that of defect-free graphene. Lithium ions can also permeate through such disordered graphene. The enhanced proton and ion permeability is attributed to a high density of eight-carbon-atom rings. The latter pose approximately twice lower energy barriers for incoming protons compared to that of the six-atom rings of graphene and a relatively low barrier of similar to 0.6 eV for Li ions. Our findings suggest that disordered graphene could be of interest as membranes and protective barriers in various Li-ion and hydrogen technologies.
Keywordgraphene disorder lithium ion proton fuel cell battery
Funding OrganizationLloyd's Register Foundation ; European Research Council ; Graphene Flagship ; Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft ; EPSRC NowNANO programme
Indexed BySCI
Funding ProjectLloyd's Register Foundation ; European Research Council ; Graphene Flagship ; Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft[TRR 234] ; Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft[364549901] ; EPSRC NowNANO programme ; [INST 275/25 7-1 FUGG] ; [EPSRC-EP/N010345/1]
WOS Research AreaChemistry ; Science & Technology - Other Topics ; Materials Science
WOS SubjectChemistry, Multidisciplinary ; Chemistry, Physical ; Nanoscience & Nanotechnology ; Materials Science, Multidisciplinary
WOS IDWOS:000543744100086
Citation statistics
Cited Times:19[WOS]   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document Type期刊论文
Corresponding AuthorGeim, Andre K.; Lozada-Hidalgo, Marcelo
Affiliation1.Univ Manchester, Dept Phys & Astron, Manchester M13 9PL, Lancs, England
2.Univ Manchester, Natl Graphene Inst, Manchester M13 9PL, Lancs, England
3.Dalian Univ Technol, Sch Chem Engn, State Key Lab Fine Chem, Dalian 116024, Peoples R China
4.Indian Inst Technol Gandhinagar, Dept Phys, Palaj 382355, Gujarat, India
5.Univ Antwerp, Dept Fys, B-2020 Antwerp, Belgium
6.Univ Autonoma Madrid, Dept Fis Mat Condensada, Madrid 28049, Spain
7.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Met Res, Shenyang Natl Lab Mat Sci, Shenyang 110016, Peoples R China
8.Friedrich Schiller Univ Jena, Inst Phys Chem, D-07743 Jena, Germany
9.Friedrich Schiller Univ Jena, Ctr Energy & Environm Chem Jena CEEC Jena, D-07743 Jena, Germany
10.Ulm Univ, Electron Microscopy Grp Mat Sci, Cent Facil Electron Microscopy, D-89081 Ulm, Germany
11.Natl Univ Singapore, Dept Phys, Dept Mat Sci & Engn, Singapore 119260, Singapore
12.Natl Univ Singapore, Ctr Adv 2D Mat, Singapore 119260, Singapore
13.Natl Inst Adv Ind Sci & Technol, Tsukuba, Ibaraki, Japan
14.Univ Tokyo, Dept Mech Engn, Bunkyo City, Tokyo 1008921, Japan
15.Southern Univ Sci & Technol, Dept Phys, Shenzhen 518055, Peoples R China
16.Tsinghua Univ, Shenzhen Graphene Ctr, Tsinghua Berkeley Shenzhen Inst, Shenzhen 518055, Peoples R China
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Griffin, Eoin,Mogg, Lucas,Hao, Guang-Ping,et al. Proton and Li-Ion Permeation through Graphene with Eight-Atom-Ring Defects[J]. ACS NANO,2020,14(6):7280-7286.
APA Griffin, Eoin.,Mogg, Lucas.,Hao, Guang-Ping.,Kalon, Gopinadhan.,Bacaksiz, Cihan.,...&Lozada-Hidalgo, Marcelo.(2020).Proton and Li-Ion Permeation through Graphene with Eight-Atom-Ring Defects.ACS NANO,14(6),7280-7286.
MLA Griffin, Eoin,et al."Proton and Li-Ion Permeation through Graphene with Eight-Atom-Ring Defects".ACS NANO 14.6(2020):7280-7286.
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