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回火对激光增材制造12CrNi2合金钢显微组织和力学性能的影响
Alternative TitleEffect of tempering on microstructure and mechanical properties of the 12CrNi2 alloy steel prepared by laser additive manufacturing
张炜1; 董志宏2; 亢红伟1; 谢玉江2; 迟长泰2; 彭晓2
2020
Source Publication材料热处理学报
ISSN1009-6264
Volume41.0Issue:002Pages:59-66
Abstract以12CrNi2合金钢粉末为原料,采用激光熔化沉积技术制备了12CrNi2合金钢。采用光学显微镜、扫描电镜、显微硬度计和拉伸试验等研究了合金钢经不同热处理后的组织和性能。结果表明:制备的12CrNi2合金钢的组织主要由铁素体和少量奥氏体岛组成,经860℃淬火处理后转变为板条马氏体组织,合金的抗拉强度和屈服强度明显增加但伸长率显著降低。经200℃~500℃回火2 h后,随回火温度的升高,马氏体板条特征逐渐消失,不同类型碳化物不同程度析出,这导致合金钢抗拉强度和屈服强度连续降低而伸长率有所提高。
Other Abstract12 CrNi2 alloy steel was prepared by laser melting deposition with 12 CrNi2 alloy steel powder as raw material. Microstructure and properties of the 12 CrNi2 alloy steel after different heat treatment were studied by means of optical microscope, scanning electron microscopy, microhardness tester and tensile test. The results show that the microstructure of the 12 CrNi2 alloy steel is mainly composed of ferrite and a small amount of austenite island. After quenching at 860 ℃, the microstructure of the alloy steel is transformed into lath martensite, and the tensile strength and yield strength of the alloy steel increase obviously, but the elongation decreases significantly. After tempering at 200-500 ℃ for 2 h, the characteristics of lath martensite gradually disappear with the increase of tempering temperature, and different types of carbides precipitate in different degrees, which leads to the continuous decrease of tensile strength and yield strength of the alloy steel and the increase of elongation.
Keyword激光增材制造 合金钢 回火 显微组织 力学性能
Indexed ByCSCD
Language中文
CSCD IDCSCD:6676416
Citation statistics
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.imr.ac.cn/handle/321006/142479
Collection中国科学院金属研究所
Affiliation1.中国科学技术大学
2.中国科学院金属研究所
3.南昌航空大学
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
张炜,董志宏,亢红伟,等. 回火对激光增材制造12CrNi2合金钢显微组织和力学性能的影响[J]. 材料热处理学报,2020,41.0(002):59-66.
APA 张炜,董志宏,亢红伟,谢玉江,迟长泰,&彭晓.(2020).回火对激光增材制造12CrNi2合金钢显微组织和力学性能的影响.材料热处理学报,41.0(002),59-66.
MLA 张炜,et al."回火对激光增材制造12CrNi2合金钢显微组织和力学性能的影响".材料热处理学报 41.0.002(2020):59-66.
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