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Effect of Long-Term Fertilization on Soil Enzyme Activities Under Different Hydrothermal Conditions in Northeast China
Alternative TitleEffect of Long-Term Fertilization on Soil Enzyme Activities Under Different Hydrothermal Conditions in Northeast China
Jiao Xiaoguang1; Gao Chongsheng2; Lue Guohong3; Sui Yuyu2
2011
Source PublicationAGRICULTURAL SCIENCES IN CHINA
ISSN1671-2927
Volume10Issue:3Pages:412-422
AbstractHuman activities have altered weather patterns by causing an increase in greenhouse gas. The effects of climate change have been studied, including effects on some ecosystems throughout the world. There are many studies on changes in the soil due to climate change, but much of them did not extend their research to soil enzyme that integrates information on soil microbial status and soil physical-chemical conditions. Meanwhile, there are lots of experimental fields established to study effects of long-term fertilization on soil enzyme activities, but many did not compare the difference of soil enzyme activities and did not analyze the effect of climatic factors on soil enzyme activities with long-term fertilization under different hydrothermal conditions. In this study, we compared soil enzyme activities of three long-fertilization stations which had different hydrothermal conditions in Northeast China, and analyzed the relationship of hydrothermal condition, soil chemical properties with soil enzyme activities. Hydrothermal conditions (annual temperature and total rainfall) decreased in order of Gongzhuling (Jilin Province, China) > Harbin (Heilongjiang Province, China) > Heihe (Heilongjiang Province, China) over the course of the long-term fertilization experiment. Sunshine hours showed the longest in Gongzhuling, the second in Heihe, and the last in Harbin. However, the order of soil enzymes was not in agreement with hydrothermal conditions. Overall, the order of soil enzymes for the same treatment among three stations was consistent in 2008 with in 2009. Correlation analysis demonstrated that different soil enzymes achieved the different affected levels by climatic factors under different fertilization treatments. Urease activity showed a significant relationship with sunshine hours in no fertilizer (CK) treatment (R=-0.91, P<0.01) and relative humidity in mineral fertilizers plus manure (MNPK) treatment (R=0.82, P<0.05). Phosphatase activity exhibited a negative correlation with annual mean temperature, annual mean maximum temperature and annual mean minimum temperature, and their correlation coefficients were separately -0.83, -0.79, and -0.83 at P<0.05 in CK treatment. Invertase activity was highly and positively correlated with sunshine hours in CK treatment (R=0.94, P<0.01). Catalase activity showed significant negative correlations with minimum relative humidity in CK treatment (R=-0.81, P<0.05), and positive correlations with sunshine hours in M treatment (R=0.83, P<0.05). There were no climatic factors which strongly affected on dehydrogenase in all treatments. Soil enzyme activities were closely related to the soil chemical properties. Soil urease activity was positively correlated with available P (P<0.05). With exception of correlation between invertase and total P at P<0.05, phosphase, invertase, catalase, and dehydrogenase showed significant positive correlations with soil chemical properties (P<0.01). It was a comprehensive process that biologic and abiotic factors were effect on soil enzyme activities under different fertilization treatments. To sum up, the variation of hydrothermal conditions in different climate zones and soil chemical properties affect integrally metabolic activity and metabolic finger print of microbial communities in black soil.
Other AbstractHuman activities have altered weather patterns by causing an increase in greenhouse gas.The effects of climate change have been studied,including effects on some ecosystems throughout the world.There are many studies on changes in the soil due to climate change,but much of them did not extend their research to soil enzyme that integrates information on soil microbial status and soil physical-chemical conditions.Meanwhile,there are lots of experimental fields established to study effects of long-term fertilization on soil enzyme activities,but many did not compare the difference of soil enzyme activities and did not analyze the effect of climatic factors on soil enzyme activities with long-term fertilization under different hydrothermal conditions.In this study,we compared soil enzyme activities of three long-fertilization stations which had different hydrothermal conditions in Northeast China,and analyzed the relationship of hydrothermal condition,soil chemical properties with soil enzyme activities.Hydrothermal conditions(annual temperature and total rainfall)decreased in order of Gongzhuling(Jilin Province,China)>Harbin(Heilongjiang Province,China)>Heihe(Heilongjiang Province,China)over the course of the long-term fertilization experiment.Sunshine hours showed the longest in Gongzhuling,the second in Heihe,and the last in Harbin.However,the order of soil enzymes was not in agreement with hydrothermal conditions.Overall,the order of soil enzymes for the same treatment among three stations was consistent in 2008 with in 2009.Correlation analysis demonstrated that different soil enzymes achieved the different affected levels by climatic factors under different fertilization treatments.Urease activity showed a significant relationship with sunshine hours in no fertilizer(CK)treatment(R=-0.91,P<0.01)and relative humidity in mineral fertilizers plus manure(MNPK)treatment(R=0.82,P<0.05).Phosphatase activity exhibited a negative correlation with annual mean temperature,annual mean maximum temperature and annual mean minimum temperature,and their correlation coefficients were separately -0.83,-0.79,and-0.83 at P<0.05 in CK treatment.Invertase activity was highly and positively correlated with sunshine hours in CK treatment(R=0.94,P<0.01).Catalase activity showed significant negative correlations with minimum relative humidity in CK treatment(R=-0.81,P<0.05),and positive correlations with sunshine hours in M treatment(R=0.83,P<0.05).There were no climatic factors which strongly affected on dehydrogenase in all treatments.Soil enzyme activities were closely related to the soil chemical properties.Soil urease activity was positively correlated with available P(P<0.05).With exception of correlation between invertase and total P at P<0.05,phosphase,invertase,catalase,and dehydrogenase showed significant positive correlations with soil chemical properties(P<0.01).It was a comprehensive process that biologic and abiotic factors were effect on soil enzyme activities under different fertilization treatments.To sum up,the variation of hydrothermal conditions in different climate zones and soil chemical properties affect integrally metabolic activity and metabolic finger print of microbial communities in black soil.
KeywordPHOSPHATASE-ACTIVITY MICROBIAL BIOMASS MEDITERRANEAN SHRUBLAND GROWING-SEASON VEGETATION RESPIRATION MANAGEMENT MOISTURE NITROGEN DROUGHT soil enzyme long-term fertilization hydrothermal conditions soil chemical properties
Indexed ByCSCD
Language英语
Funding Project[National Natural Science Foundation of China] ; [International Cooperation Project of Heilongjiang Province, China]
CSCD IDCSCD:4300677
Citation statistics
Cited Times:3[CSCD]   [CSCD Record]
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.imr.ac.cn/handle/321006/151118
Collection中国科学院金属研究所
Affiliation1.Heilongjiang Univ, Institute Agr Resoures & Environm, Harbin 150080, Peoples R China
2.中国科学院
3.中国科学院金属研究所
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Jiao Xiaoguang,Gao Chongsheng,Lue Guohong,et al. Effect of Long-Term Fertilization on Soil Enzyme Activities Under Different Hydrothermal Conditions in Northeast China[J]. AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES IN CHINA,2011,10(3):412-422.
APA Jiao Xiaoguang,Gao Chongsheng,Lue Guohong,&Sui Yuyu.(2011).Effect of Long-Term Fertilization on Soil Enzyme Activities Under Different Hydrothermal Conditions in Northeast China.AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES IN CHINA,10(3),412-422.
MLA Jiao Xiaoguang,et al."Effect of Long-Term Fertilization on Soil Enzyme Activities Under Different Hydrothermal Conditions in Northeast China".AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES IN CHINA 10.3(2011):412-422.
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