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Systematic Investigation of the Physical and Electrochemical Characteristics of the Vanadium (III) Acidic Electrolyte With Different Concentrations and Related Diffusion Kinetics
Jing, Minghua; Li, Chengjie; An, Xinyu; Xu, Zeyu; Liu, Jianguo; Yan, Chuanwei; Fang, Dawei; Fan, Xinzhuang
2020-07-14
Source PublicationFRONTIERS IN CHEMISTRY
Volume8
AbstractOwing to the lack of systematic kinetic theory about the redox reaction of V(III)/V(II), the poor electrochemical performance of the negative process in vanadium flow batteries limits the overall battery performance to a great extent. As the key factors that influence electrode/electrolyte interfacial reactivity, the physicochemical properties of the V(III) acidic electrolyte play an important role in the redox reaction of V(III)/V(II), hence a systematic investigation of the physical and electrochemical characteristics of V(III) acidic electrolytes with different concentrations and related diffusion kinetics was conducted in this work. It was found that the surface tension and viscosity of the electrolyte increase with increasing V(III) concentration, while the corresponding conductivity shows an opposite trend. Both the surface tension and viscosity change slightly with increasing concentration of H2SO4, but the conductivity increases significantly, indicating that a lower V(III) concentration and a higher H(2)SO(4)concentration are conducive to the ion transfer process. The electrochemical measurements further show that a higher V(III) concentration will facilitate the redox reaction of V(III)/V(II), while the increase in H(2)SO(4)concentration only improves the ion transmission and has little effect on the electron transfer process. Furthermore, the diffusion kinetics of V(III) have been further studied with cyclic voltammetry and chronopotentiometry. The results show that an elevated temperature facilitates the V(III)/V(II) redox reaction and gives rise to an increased electrode reaction rate constant (k(s)) and diffusion coefficient [D-V(III)]. On this basis, the diffusion activation energy (13.7 kJ center dot mol(-1)) and the diffusion equation of V(III) are provided to integrate kinetic theory in the redox reaction of V(III)/V(II).
DOI10.3389/fchem.2020.00502
WOS IDWOS:000556841800001
Citation statistics
Cited Times:1[WOS]   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.imr.ac.cn/handle/321006/155688
Collection中国科学院金属研究所
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Jing, Minghua,Li, Chengjie,An, Xinyu,et al. Systematic Investigation of the Physical and Electrochemical Characteristics of the Vanadium (III) Acidic Electrolyte With Different Concentrations and Related Diffusion Kinetics[J]. FRONTIERS IN CHEMISTRY,2020,8.
APA Jing, Minghua.,Li, Chengjie.,An, Xinyu.,Xu, Zeyu.,Liu, Jianguo.,...&Fan, Xinzhuang.(2020).Systematic Investigation of the Physical and Electrochemical Characteristics of the Vanadium (III) Acidic Electrolyte With Different Concentrations and Related Diffusion Kinetics.FRONTIERS IN CHEMISTRY,8.
MLA Jing, Minghua,et al."Systematic Investigation of the Physical and Electrochemical Characteristics of the Vanadium (III) Acidic Electrolyte With Different Concentrations and Related Diffusion Kinetics".FRONTIERS IN CHEMISTRY 8(2020).
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