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Monodisperse embedded nanoparticles derived from an atomic metal-dispersed precursor of layered double hydroxide for architectured carbon nanotube formation
G. L. Tian; M. Q. Zhao; B. S. Zhang; Q. Zhang; W. Zhang; J. Q. Huang; T. C. Chen; W. Z. Qian; D. S. Su; F. Wei
2014
Source PublicationJournal of Materials Chemistry A
ISSN2050-7488
Volume2Issue:6Pages:1686-1696
AbstractMonodisperse metal nanoparticles (NPs) with high activity and selectivity are among the most important catalytic materials. However, the intrinsic process to obtain well-dispersed metal NPs with tunable high density (ranging from 10(13) to 10(16) m(-2)) and thermal stability is not yet well understood. Herein, the preparation of metal NPs with tunable areal density from layered double hydroxide (LDH) precursors in which the metal cations were pre-dispersed at an atomic scale was explored. Large quantities of mesopores induced by the Kirkendall effect were formed on the as-calcined layered double oxide (LDO) flakes. The O atoms bonded with Fe3+ cations were easy to be extracted at a temperature higher than 750 degrees C, which greatly increased the mobility of Fe. Consequently, coalescence of the reduced Fe atoms into large NPs enhanced the Kirkendall effect, leading to the formation of monodisperse embedded Fe NPs on the porous LDO flakes. The flake morphology of LDHs was well preserved, and the areal density of Fe NPs on the LDO flakes can be well controlled through adjusting the Fe content in the LDH precursor. With higher Fe loading, larger Fe NPs with higher areal density were available. When the areal density was increased from 0.039 to 0.55, and to 2.1 x 10(15) m(-2), the Fe NPs embedded on the LDO flakes exhibited good catalytic performance for the growth of entangled carbon nanotubes (CNTs), aligned CNTs, and double helical CNTs, respectively. This work provides not only new insights into the chemical evolution of monodisperse NPs from an atomic metal-dispersed precursor, but also a general route to obtain tunable NPs as heterogeneous catalysts for chemical and material production.
description.department[tian, gui-li ; zhao, meng-qiang ; zhang, qiang ; huang, jia-qi ; chen, tian-chi ; qian, wei-zhong ; wei, fei] tsinghua univ, beijing key lab green chem react engn & technol, dept chem engn, beijing 100084, peoples r china. [zhang, bingsen ; su, dang sheng] chinese acad sci, shenyang natl lab mat sci, inst met res, shenyang 110016, peoples r china. [zhang, wei ; su, dang sheng] max planck gesell, dept inorgan chem, fritz haber inst, d-14195 berlin, germany. [zhang, wei] tech univ denmark, dept energy convers & storage, dk-4000 roskilde, denmark. ; zhang, q (reprint author), tsinghua univ, beijing key lab green chem react engn & technol, dept chem engn, beijing 100084, peoples r china. ; zhang-qiang@mails.tsinghua.edu.cn ; dangsheng@fhi-berlin.mpg.de ; wf-dce@tsinghua.edu.cn
KeywordFeitknecht Compound Precursor Heterogeneous Catalysis Hydrogen-production Stable Catalysts Growth Density Decomposition Hydrotalcite Kirkendall Methane
URL查看原文
Language英语
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.imr.ac.cn/handle/321006/72498
Collection中国科学院金属研究所
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
G. L. Tian,M. Q. Zhao,B. S. Zhang,et al. Monodisperse embedded nanoparticles derived from an atomic metal-dispersed precursor of layered double hydroxide for architectured carbon nanotube formation[J]. Journal of Materials Chemistry A,2014,2(6):1686-1696.
APA G. L. Tian.,M. Q. Zhao.,B. S. Zhang.,Q. Zhang.,W. Zhang.,...&F. Wei.(2014).Monodisperse embedded nanoparticles derived from an atomic metal-dispersed precursor of layered double hydroxide for architectured carbon nanotube formation.Journal of Materials Chemistry A,2(6),1686-1696.
MLA G. L. Tian,et al."Monodisperse embedded nanoparticles derived from an atomic metal-dispersed precursor of layered double hydroxide for architectured carbon nanotube formation".Journal of Materials Chemistry A 2.6(2014):1686-1696.
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