Photocatalytic Hydrogen Production over Chromium Doped Layered Perovskite Sr2TiO4
Sun, Xiaoqin; Xie, Yinghao; Wu, Fangfang; Chen, Hongmei; Lv, Meilin; Ni, Shuang; Liu, Gang; Xu, Xiaoxiang;
AbstractLayered semiconductor photocatalysts have been found to exhibit promising performance levels, probably linked to their interlayer framework that facilitates separation of charge carriers and the reduction/oxidation reactions. Layered titanates, however, generally demonstrate activities under UV irradiation, and therein lies the strong desire to extend their activity into the visible light region. Here, we investigated a series of layered perovskite by doping Sr2TiO4 with Cr and/or La in the hope to improve their visible light responses. Their crystal structures and other physicochemical properties were systematically explored. Our results show that La and Cr can be successfully accommodated in the layered structure and Cr is an efficient dopant for the extension of visible light absorbance. Much enhanced photocatalytic hydrogen evolution was observed after doping and was found to be composition-dependent. The highest hydrogen production rate approaches 97.7 mu mol/h for Sr2Ti0.95Cr0.05O4-delta under full range irradiation (lambda >= 250 nm) and 17 mu mol/h for Sr2TiO3Cr0.1O4-delta under visible light irradiation (lambda >= 400 nm), corresponding to an apparent quantum efficiency of 0.16% and 0.05%, respectively. Theoretical calculation reveals that the improved optical and photocatalytic properties are owing to a newly formed spin-polarized valence band from Cr 3d orbitals. The decreased unit cell parameters, reduced band gaps as well as anisotropic properties of layered architectures are likely the reasons for a better activity. Nevertheless, instability of these compounds in the presence of moisture and CO2 was also noticed, suggesting that protective atmospheres are needed for the storage of these photocatalysts.
description.department[sun, xiaoqin ; xie, yinghao ; wu, fangfang ; chen, hongmei ; lv, meilin ; xu, xiaoxiang] tongji univ, shanghai key lab chem assessment & sustainabil, dept chem, shanghai 200092, peoples r china ; [ni, shuang] china acad engn phys, laser fus res ctr, sci & technol plasma phys lab, mianyang 621900, peoples r china ; [liu, gang] chinese acad sci, shenyang natl lab mat sci, inst met res, shenyang 110016, peoples r china
Funding OrganizationNational Natural Science Foundation of China [21401142]
Indexed Bysci
Document Type期刊论文
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Sun, Xiaoqin,Xie, Yinghao,Wu, Fangfang,et al. Photocatalytic Hydrogen Production over Chromium Doped Layered Perovskite Sr2TiO4[J]. INORGANIC CHEMISTRY,2015,54(15):7445-7453.
APA Sun, Xiaoqin.,Xie, Yinghao.,Wu, Fangfang.,Chen, Hongmei.,Lv, Meilin.,...& Hydrogen Production over Chromium Doped Layered Perovskite Sr2TiO4.INORGANIC CHEMISTRY,54(15),7445-7453.
MLA Sun, Xiaoqin,et al."Photocatalytic Hydrogen Production over Chromium Doped Layered Perovskite Sr2TiO4".INORGANIC CHEMISTRY 54.15(2015):7445-7453.
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