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题名: Sputtering gas pressure and target power dependence on the microstructure and properties of DC-magnetron sputtered AlB2-type WB2 films
作者: Liu, Y. M.;  Han, R. Q.;  Liu, F.;  Pei, Z. L.;  Sun, C.
发表日期: 2017-5-5
摘要: The study is mainly to optimize the process parameters (sputtering pressure and sputtering power) of the AlB2-type WB2 films deposited by DC magnetron sputtering by comparing their microstructure, elemental composition, and tribo-mechanical properties. As the argon pressure (PAr) increases (0.3-1.0 Pa), the particle density increases first and then decreases, with a corresponding decrease for particle energy. Under this condition, both the deposition rate and the B/W atomic ratio of the WB2 films increase first and then decrease under the competition effect between the sputtering and scattering process, the film orientation changes from (0 0 1) to (1 0 1), the microstructure changes from dense finefiber to porous column coupled with the stress evolution from compressive stress to increased tensile stress. Consequently, films deposited at P-Ar > 0.5 Pa have the poor hardness and wear-resistance. As the sputtering power increases (150-310 W), both the particle density and particle energy increase. Thus, the deposition rate increases greatly, the B/W atomic ratio declines slightly due to the resputtering process, the film structure becomes dense but rough by the particle bombardment causing the stress change from tensile stress to enhanced compressive stress, and the film orientation changes from the well-crystallized (0 0 1) to poor-crystallized (1 0 1). In conclusion, films with (0 0 1) orientation, high B/W atomic ratio, dense structure and proper compressive stress, which can be deposited at P-Ar (=) 0.5 Pa and sputtering current 0.5 A (corresponding to target power about 150 W), show the excellent tribomechanical properties with high hardness about 39.4 GPa and low wear rate of 2.2 Chi 10(-7) mm(3)/mN. (C) 2017 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
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Recommended Citation:
Liu, Y. M.,Han, R. Q.,Liu, F.,et al. Sputtering Gas Pressure And Target Power Dependence On The Microstructure And Properties Of Dc-magnetron Sputtered Alb2-type Wb2 Films[J]. Journal Of Alloys And Compounds,2017,703:188-197.

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