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Transformation Mechanism of (gamma plus gamma') and the Effect of Cooling Rate on the Final Solidification of U720Li Alloy
Zhao, Guang-Di; Yang, Guo-Liang; Liu, Fang; Xin, Xin; Sun, Wen-Ru; Sun, WR (reprint author), Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Met Res, Shenyang 110016, Liaoning, Peoples R China.
2017-09-01
Source PublicationCHINESE ACAD SCIENCES, INST METAL RESEARCH
ISSN1006-7191
Volume30Issue:9Pages:887-894
AbstractThe transformation mechanism of (gamma + gamma') was studied by analyzing the microstructure and elemental distribution of the U720Li samples heated at 1250 degrees C and cooled at the rates in the range of 1-100 degrees C/s. Although the (gamma + gamma') is deemed to be formed by a eutectic reaction and has been called eutectic (gamma + gamma'), it was found in the present study that the (gamma + gamma') precipitation begins with a peritectic reaction of ( L + gamma) -> gamma', and develops by the eutectic reaction of L -> (gamma + gamma'). The energy for the gamma' nucleation is low because the interfacial energy for the gamma/gamma' interface is about one-tenth of the solid/liquid interface, and hence, the nucleation rate is high and the fine structure of (gamma + gamma') is formed at the initial precipitation stage. The gamma and gamma' in (gamma + gamma') tend to grow into a lamellar structure because it is difficult for them to nucleate directly from the residual liquids, and hence, the gamma' precipitates naturally tend to grow divergently direction of the regions rich in Al and Ti, forming a fan-like structure of the (gamma + gamma'). As a result, the gamma' precipitates will coarsen finally because the space between them is enlarged. The solidification of the final residual liquids is a diffusion dependent process. When cooled at a higher rate, a higher degree of super cooling is reached and finally the solidification is finished by the pseudoeutectic reaction of L -> (gamma + boride) and L -> (gamma + eta), which can absorb Zr and B. When cooled at a rate low enough, most of the residual liquids are consumed by the (gamma + gamma') growth due to the sufficient diffusion, and the boride and Zrbearing phase are precipitated at a quasi-equilibrium state. Under this condition, Ti is depleted at the (gamma + gamma') growth front. However, the eta-Ni3Ti phase is formed there occasionally due to the boride precipitation, because the compositions of the two phases are complementary.; The transformation mechanism of (gamma + gamma') was studied by analyzing the microstructure and elemental distribution of the U720Li samples heated at 1250 degrees C and cooled at the rates in the range of 1-100 degrees C/s. Although the (gamma + gamma') is deemed to be formed by a eutectic reaction and has been called eutectic (gamma + gamma'), it was found in the present study that the (gamma + gamma') precipitation begins with a peritectic reaction of ( L + gamma) -> gamma', and develops by the eutectic reaction of L -> (gamma + gamma'). The energy for the gamma' nucleation is low because the interfacial energy for the gamma/gamma' interface is about one-tenth of the solid/liquid interface, and hence, the nucleation rate is high and the fine structure of (gamma + gamma') is formed at the initial precipitation stage. The gamma and gamma' in (gamma + gamma') tend to grow into a lamellar structure because it is difficult for them to nucleate directly from the residual liquids, and hence, the gamma' precipitates naturally tend to grow divergently direction of the regions rich in Al and Ti, forming a fan-like structure of the (gamma + gamma'). As a result, the gamma' precipitates will coarsen finally because the space between them is enlarged. The solidification of the final residual liquids is a diffusion dependent process. When cooled at a higher rate, a higher degree of super cooling is reached and finally the solidification is finished by the pseudoeutectic reaction of L -> (gamma + boride) and L -> (gamma + eta), which can absorb Zr and B. When cooled at a rate low enough, most of the residual liquids are consumed by the (gamma + gamma') growth due to the sufficient diffusion, and the boride and Zrbearing phase are precipitated at a quasi-equilibrium state. Under this condition, Ti is depleted at the (gamma + gamma') growth front. However, the eta-Ni3Ti phase is formed there occasionally due to the boride precipitation, because the compositions of the two phases are complementary.
description.department[zhao, guang-di ; yang, guo-liang ; liu, fang ; xin, xin ; sun, wen-ru] chinese acad sci, inst met res, shenyang 110016, liaoning, peoples r china ; [zhao, guang-di] univ sci & technol china, sch mat sci & engn, hefei 230026, anhui, peoples r china
KeywordU720li (Gamma Plus Gamma') Formation Mechanism Cooling Rate Solidification
Subject AreaMetallurgy & Metallurgical Engineering
Indexed BySCI
Language英语
WOS IDWOS:000410943500010
Citation statistics
Cited Times:5[WOS]   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.imr.ac.cn/handle/321006/79124
Collection中国科学院金属研究所
Corresponding AuthorSun, WR (reprint author), Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Met Res, Shenyang 110016, Liaoning, Peoples R China.
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Zhao, Guang-Di,Yang, Guo-Liang,Liu, Fang,et al. Transformation Mechanism of (gamma plus gamma') and the Effect of Cooling Rate on the Final Solidification of U720Li Alloy[J]. CHINESE ACAD SCIENCES, INST METAL RESEARCH,2017,30(9):887-894.
APA Zhao, Guang-Di,Yang, Guo-Liang,Liu, Fang,Xin, Xin,Sun, Wen-Ru,&Sun, WR .(2017).Transformation Mechanism of (gamma plus gamma') and the Effect of Cooling Rate on the Final Solidification of U720Li Alloy.CHINESE ACAD SCIENCES, INST METAL RESEARCH,30(9),887-894.
MLA Zhao, Guang-Di,et al."Transformation Mechanism of (gamma plus gamma') and the Effect of Cooling Rate on the Final Solidification of U720Li Alloy".CHINESE ACAD SCIENCES, INST METAL RESEARCH 30.9(2017):887-894.
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