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题名: Elastically confined martensitic transformation at the nano-scale in a multifunctional titanium alloy
作者: Wang, H. L.;  Hao, Y. L.;  He, S. Y.;  Li, T.;  Cairney, J. M.;  Wang, Y. D.;  Wang, Y.;  Obbard, E. G.;  Prima, F.;  Du, K.;  Li, Sj.;  Yang, R.
发表日期: 2017-8-15
摘要: A martensitic transformation (MT) is a typical first-order diffusionless crystal structural change with strong autocatalysis like avalanche at a speed of sound propagation. This unique characteristic, however, is undetectable in some multifunctional titanium alloys. Recently, a nanoscale elastically confined MT mechanism was proposed because a nanoscale Nb modulation in a Ti-Nb based alloy was observed. Here we analyze the elastic confinement in details and its induced novel properties in a wide temperature range. The statistical analyses of atom probe tomography (APT) data confirm the existence of the nano scale Nb concentration modulation. The synchrotron X-ray diffraction (SXRD) profiles demonstrate that the nanoscale Nb modulation causes weak diffuse scattering, as evidenced by the extreme broad diffraction bands. The tensile tests find a critical temperature of similar to 150 K, where the critical stress to induce the MT and Young's modulus reach the minimum and the superelastic strain reaches the maximum (similar to 4.5%) and keeps constant as the temperature decreases further to <4.2 K. To reveal these abnormal behaviors of the MT, the Born criterion governing the elastic stability of cubic crystal is modified by introducing an elastic confinement term and a new Clausius-Clapeyron relationship is established to evaluate the elastically confined MT. The results are consistent with the experimental findings, including the solely stress-induced (no thermally induced) reversibility. (C) 2017 Acta Materialia Inc. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
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Recommended Citation:
Wang, H. L.,Hao, Y. L.,He, S. Y.,et al. Elastically Confined Martensitic Transformation At The Nano-scale In A Multifunctional Titanium Alloy[J]. Pergamon-elsevier Science Ltd,2017,135:330-339.

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