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Role of the X and n factors in ion-irradiation induced phase transformations of M(n+1)AX(n) phases
Wang, CX; Yang, TF; Tracy, CL; Xiao, JR; Liu, SS; Fang, Y; Yan, ZF; Ge, W; Xue, JM; Zhang, J; Wang, JY; Huang, Q; Ewing, RC; Wang, YG; Wang, YG (reprint author), Peking Univ, Ctr Appl Phys & Technol, State Key Lab Nucl Phys & Technol, Beijing 100871, Peoples R China.
2018-02-01
Source PublicationACTA MATERIALIA
ISSN1359-6454
Volume144Pages:432-446
AbstractPhase transitions induced in hcp M(n+1)AX(n) phases (Ti2AlN, Ti2AlC, and Ti4AlN3) by 1 MeV Au+ ion irradiation were investigated, over a series of ion fluences ranging from 1 x 10(14) to 2 x 10(16) ions cm(-2), by transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and synchrotron grazing incidence X-ray diffraction (GIXRD). Irradiation-induced structural evolutions were observed using high-resolution TEM (HRTEM) imaging and selected area electron diffraction (SAED). Based on phase contrast imaging and electron diffraction pattern (EDP) simulations, the atomic-scale mechanisms for the phase transitions were determined. Transformations of the initial hcp phases to the intermediate gamma-phases and fcc phases were driven by the formation of Ti/Al antisite defects and extended stacking faults induced by ion irradiation. By comparing the transformation behavior of Ti2AlN with that of Ti2AlC and Ti4AlN3 under the same irradiation conditions, using both the experimental data and first-principles calculations, the role of the X and n parameters in the radiation responses of M(n+1)AX(n) phases were elucidated. The susceptibilities of materials in this Ti-Al-X (X = C, N) system to irradiation-induced phase transitions were determined with respect to the bonding characteristics and compositions of these MAX phases. Ti2AlC is slightly less susceptible to the radiation-induced phase transformation than Ti2AlN, which is attributed to the stronger Ti-Al bond covalency in Ti2AlN. Ti4AlN3 is more resistant to radiation-induced phase transformations than is Ti2AlN, due to the lower Al content and lower anion vacancy ratio in the irradiation-induced solid solution phases. (C) 2017 Acta Materialia Inc. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.; Phase transitions induced in hcp M(n+1)AX(n) phases (Ti2AlN, Ti2AlC, and Ti4AlN3) by 1 MeV Au+ ion irradiation were investigated, over a series of ion fluences ranging from 1 x 10(14) to 2 x 10(16) ions cm(-2), by transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and synchrotron grazing incidence X-ray diffraction (GIXRD). Irradiation-induced structural evolutions were observed using high-resolution TEM (HRTEM) imaging and selected area electron diffraction (SAED). Based on phase contrast imaging and electron diffraction pattern (EDP) simulations, the atomic-scale mechanisms for the phase transitions were determined. Transformations of the initial hcp phases to the intermediate gamma-phases and fcc phases were driven by the formation of Ti/Al antisite defects and extended stacking faults induced by ion irradiation. By comparing the transformation behavior of Ti2AlN with that of Ti2AlC and Ti4AlN3 under the same irradiation conditions, using both the experimental data and first-principles calculations, the role of the X and n parameters in the radiation responses of M(n+1)AX(n) phases were elucidated. The susceptibilities of materials in this Ti-Al-X (X = C, N) system to irradiation-induced phase transitions were determined with respect to the bonding characteristics and compositions of these MAX phases. Ti2AlC is slightly less susceptible to the radiation-induced phase transformation than Ti2AlN, which is attributed to the stronger Ti-Al bond covalency in Ti2AlN. Ti4AlN3 is more resistant to radiation-induced phase transformations than is Ti2AlN, due to the lower Al content and lower anion vacancy ratio in the irradiation-induced solid solution phases. (C) 2017 Acta Materialia Inc. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
description.department[wang, chenxu ; yang, tengfei ; xiao, jingren ; liu, shaoshuai ; fang, yuan ; yan, zhanfeng ; ge, wei ; xue, jianming ; wang, yugang] peking univ, ctr appl phys & technol, state key lab nucl phys & technol, beijing 100871, peoples r china ; [wang, chenxu ; tracy, cameron l. ; ewing, rodney c.] stanford univ, dept geol sci, stanford, ca 94305 usa ; [zhang, jie ; wang, jingyang] chinese acad sci, inst met res, shenyang natl lab mat sci, shenyang 110016, liaoning, peoples r china ; [huang, qing] chinese acad sci, ningbo inst mat technol & engn, ningbo 315201, zhejiang, peoples r china
KeywordAugmented-wave Method Max Phases Structural Transitions Electronic-structure Damage Evolution Ti3alc2 Ti2alc Ti3sic2 Ceramics Ti4aln3
Subject AreaMaterials Science, Multidisciplinary ; Metallurgy & Metallurgical Engineering
Funding OrganizationNational Magnetic Confinement Fusion Energy Research Project of China [2015GB113000]; National Natural Science Foundation of China [11675005]; Energy Frontier Research Center "Materials Science of Actinides" - U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), Office of Science, Office of Basic Energy Sciences [DE-SC0001089]; National Science Foundation [ECCS-1542152]
Indexed BySCI
Language英语
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.imr.ac.cn/handle/321006/79549
Collection中国科学院金属研究所
Corresponding AuthorWang, YG (reprint author), Peking Univ, Ctr Appl Phys & Technol, State Key Lab Nucl Phys & Technol, Beijing 100871, Peoples R China.
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Wang, CX,Yang, TF,Tracy, CL,et al. Role of the X and n factors in ion-irradiation induced phase transformations of M(n+1)AX(n) phases[J]. ACTA MATERIALIA,2018,144:432-446.
APA Wang, CX.,Yang, TF.,Tracy, CL.,Xiao, JR.,Liu, SS.,...&Wang, YG .(2018).Role of the X and n factors in ion-irradiation induced phase transformations of M(n+1)AX(n) phases.ACTA MATERIALIA,144,432-446.
MLA Wang, CX,et al."Role of the X and n factors in ion-irradiation induced phase transformations of M(n+1)AX(n) phases".ACTA MATERIALIA 144(2018):432-446.
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